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Title: On Sugawara construction on celestial sphere

A bstract Conformally soft gluons are conserved currents of the Celestial Conformal Field Theory (CCFT) and generate a Kac-Moody algebra. We study celestial amplitudes of Yang-Mills theory, which are Mellin transforms of gluon amplitudes and take the double soft limit of a pair of gluons. In this manner we construct the Sugawara energy-momentum tensor of the CCFT. We verify that conformally soft gauge bosons are Virasoro primaries of the CCFT under the Sugawara energy-momentum tensor. The Sugawara tensor though does not generate the correct conformal transformations for hard states. In Einstein-Yang- Mills theory, we consider an alternative construction of the energy-momentum tensor, similar to the double copy construction which relates gauge theory amplitudes with gravity ones. This energy momentum tensor has the correct properties to generate conformal transformations for both soft and hard states. We extend this construction to supertranslations. more »« less

The operator product expansion (OPE) on the celestial sphere of conformal primary gluons and gravitons is studied. Asymptotic symmetries imply recursion relations between products of operators whose conformal weights differ by half-integers. It is shown, for tree-level Einstein-Yang-Mills theory, that these recursion relations are so constraining that they completely fix the leading celestial OPE coefficients in terms of the Euler beta function. The poles in the beta functions are associated with conformally soft currents.

Fan, Wei; Fotopoulos, Angelos; Stieberger, Stephan; Taylor, Tomasz R.; Zhu, Bin(
, Journal of High Energy Physics)

A bstract In celestial holography, four-dimensional scattering amplitudes are considered as two-dimensional conformal correlators of a putative two-dimensional celestial conformal field theory (CCFT). The simplest way of converting momentum space amplitudes into CCFT correlators is by taking their Mellin transforms with respect to light-cone energies. For massless particles, like gluons, however, such a construction leads to three-point and four-point correlators that vanish everywhere except for a measure zero hypersurface of celestial coordinates. This is due to the four-dimensional momentum conservation law that constrains the insertion points of the operators associated with massless particles. These correlators are reminiscent of Coulomb gas correlators that, in the absence of background charges, vanish due to charge conservation. We supply the background momentum by coupling Yang-Mills theory to a background dilaton field, with the (complex) dilaton source localized on the celestial sphere. This picture emerges from the physical interpretation of the solutions of the system of differential equations discovered by Banerjee and Ghosh. We show that the solutions can be written as Mellin transforms of the amplitudes evaluated in such a dilaton background. The resultant three-gluon and four-gluon amplitudes are single-valued functions of celestial coordinates enjoying crossing symmetry and all other properties expected from standard CFT correlators. We use them to extract OPEs and compare them with the OPEs extracted from multi-gluon celestial amplitudes without a dilaton background. We perform the conformal block decomposition of the four-gluon single-valued correlator and determine the dimensions, spin and group representations of the entire primary field spectrum of the Yang-Mills sector of CCFT.

Fotopoulos, Angelos; Stieberger, Stephan; Taylor, Tomasz R.; Zhu, Bin(
, Journal of High Energy Physics)

null
(Ed.)

A bstract We study two-dimensional celestial conformal field theory describing four- dimensional $$ \mathcal{N} $$ N =1 supergravity/Yang-Mills systems and show that the underlying symmetry is a supersymmetric generalization of BMS symmetry. We construct fermionic conformal primary wave functions and show how they are related via supersymmetry to their bosonic partners. We use soft and collinear theorems of supersymmetric Einstein-Yang- Mills theory to derive the OPEs of the operators associated to massless particles. The bosonic and fermionic soft theorems are shown to form a sequence under supersymmetric Ward identities. In analogy with the energy momentum tensor, the supercurrents are shadow transforms of soft gravitino operators and generate an infinite-dimensional super- symmetry algebra. The algebra of $$ {\mathfrak{sbms}}_4 $$ sbms 4 generators agrees with the expectations based on earlier work on the asymptotic symmetry group of supergravity. We also show that the supertranslation operator can be written as a product of holomorphic and anti-holomorphic supercurrents.

Ren, Lecheng; Schreiber, Anders; Sharma, Atul; Wang, Diandian(
, Journal of High Energy Physics)

A<sc>bstract</sc>

We determine tree level, all-order celestial operator product expansions (OPEs) of gluons and gravitons in the maximally helicity violating (MHV) sector. We start by obtaining the all-order collinear expansions of MHV amplitudes using the inverse soft recursion relations that they satisfy. These collinear expansions are recast as celestial OPE expansions in bases of momentum as well as boost eigenstates. This shows that inverse soft recursion for MHV amplitudes is dual to OPE recursion in celestial conformal field theory.

Stieberger, Stephan; Taylor, Tomasz R; Zhu, Bin(
, Physics Letters B)

We propose a description of the gluon scattering amplitudes as the inverse Mellin transforms of the conformal correlators of light operators in two-dimensional Liouville theory tensored with WZW-like chiral currents on the celestial sphere. The dimensions of operators are Mellin dual to gluon light cone energies while their positions are determined by the gluon momentum directions. Tree-level approximation in Yang-Mills theory corresponds to the semiclassical limit of Liouville theory. By comparing subleading corrections, we find b^2=(8π^2)^{−1}b_0g^2(M), where b is the Liouville coupling constant, g(M) is the Yang Mills coupling at the renormalization scale M and b_0 is the one-loop coefficient of the Yang-Mills beta function.

Fan, Wei, Fotopoulos, Angelos, Stieberger, Stephan, and Taylor, Tomasz R. On Sugawara construction on celestial sphere. Retrieved from https://par.nsf.gov/biblio/10282133. Journal of High Energy Physics 2020.9 Web. doi:10.1007/JHEP09(2020)139.

Fan, Wei, Fotopoulos, Angelos, Stieberger, Stephan, & Taylor, Tomasz R. On Sugawara construction on celestial sphere. Journal of High Energy Physics, 2020 (9). Retrieved from https://par.nsf.gov/biblio/10282133. https://doi.org/10.1007/JHEP09(2020)139

@article{osti_10282133,
place = {Country unknown/Code not available},
title = {On Sugawara construction on celestial sphere},
url = {https://par.nsf.gov/biblio/10282133},
DOI = {10.1007/JHEP09(2020)139},
abstractNote = {A bstract Conformally soft gluons are conserved currents of the Celestial Conformal Field Theory (CCFT) and generate a Kac-Moody algebra. We study celestial amplitudes of Yang-Mills theory, which are Mellin transforms of gluon amplitudes and take the double soft limit of a pair of gluons. In this manner we construct the Sugawara energy-momentum tensor of the CCFT. We verify that conformally soft gauge bosons are Virasoro primaries of the CCFT under the Sugawara energy-momentum tensor. The Sugawara tensor though does not generate the correct conformal transformations for hard states. In Einstein-Yang- Mills theory, we consider an alternative construction of the energy-momentum tensor, similar to the double copy construction which relates gauge theory amplitudes with gravity ones. This energy momentum tensor has the correct properties to generate conformal transformations for both soft and hard states. We extend this construction to supertranslations.},
journal = {Journal of High Energy Physics},
volume = {2020},
number = {9},
author = {Fan, Wei and Fotopoulos, Angelos and Stieberger, Stephan and Taylor, Tomasz R.},
editor = {null}
}

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