skip to main content

Title: Multi-band planar diplexers with sub-sets of frequency-contiguous transmission bands
Abstract A class of multi-band planar diplexer with sub-sets of frequency-contiguous transmission bands is reported. Such a radio frequency (RF) device is suitable for lightweight high-frequency receivers aimed at multi-band/multi-purpose mobile satellite communications systems. It consists of two channelizing filters, each of them being made up of the in-series cascade connection of replicas of a constituent multi-passband/multi-embedded-stopband filtering stage. This building filtering stage defines a multi-passband transfer function for each channel, in which each main transmission band is split into various sub-passbands by the multi-stopband part. In this manner, each split passband gives rise to several sub-passbands that are imbricated with their counterpart ones of the other channel. The theoretical RF operational principles of the proposed multi-band diplexer approach with sub-sets of imbricated passbands are detailed by means of a coupling–routing–diagram formalism. Besides, the generation of additional transmission zeros in each channelizing filter for higher-selectivity realizations by exploiting cross-coupling techniques into it is also detailed. Furthermore, for experimental demonstration purposes, a microstrip proof-of-concept prototype of second-order octo-band diplexer in the frequency range of 1.5–2.5 GHz that consists of two quad-band channelizing filters with pairs of imbricated passbands is developed and characterized.
Authors:
; ; ;
Award ID(s):
1731956
Publication Date:
NSF-PAR ID:
10286688
Journal Name:
International Journal of Microwave and Wireless Technologies
Page Range or eLocation-ID:
1 to 11
ISSN:
1759-0787
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
More Like this
  1. A coupling-matrix approach for the theoretical design of a type of input-reflectionless RF/microwave bandpass filters (BPFs) and bandstop filters (BSFs) is presented. They are based on diplexer architectures with arbitrary-order bandpass and bandstop filtering channels that feature complementary transfer functions. The transmission behavior of these reflectionless filters is defined by the channel that is not loaded at its output, whereas the input-signal energy that is not transmitted by this branch is completely dissipated by the loading resistor of the other channel. Analytical formulas for the coupling coefficients for the first-to-fourth-order filter designs are provided and validated through several synthesis examples. This theoretical design methodology, along with an optimization step, is also exploited to design input-quasi-reflectionless quasielliptic- type BPFs with a transmission-zero-(TZ)-generation cell in their bandpass filtering channel. In addition, the application of the proposed input-reflectionless BPF and BSF networks to input-quasi-reflectionless multiplexer design is approached. It is shown that a single resistively terminated multi-band BSF branch can absorb the input-signal energy not transmitted by the multiplexer channels in their common stopband regions to achieve quasi-reflectionless characteristics at its input. Moreover, experimental microstrip prototypes consisting of 2-GHz third-order BPF and BSF circuits, a 2-GHz sharp-rejection thirdorder BPF with two close-to-passband TZs,more »and a second-order diplexer device with channels centered at 1.75 and 2.1 GHz are developed and measured.« less
  2. The design of mixed-technology quasi-reflectionless planar bandpass filters (BPFs), bandstop filters (BSFs), and multi-band filters is reported. The proposed quasi-reflectionless filter architectures comprise a main filtering section that determines the power transmission response (bandpass, bandstop, or multi-band type) of the overall circuit network and auxiliary sections that absorb the reflected radio-frequency (RF) signal energy. By loading the input and output ports of the main filtering section with auxiliary filtering sections that exhibit a complementary transfer function with regard to the main one, a symmetric quasi-reflectionless behavior can be obtained at both accesses of the overall filter. The operating principles of the proposed filter concept are shown through synthesized first-order BPF and BSF designs. Selectivity-increase techniques are also described. They are based on: (i) cascading in-series multiple first-order stages and (ii) increasing the order of the filtering sections. Moreover, the RF design of quasi-reflectionless multi-band BPFs and BSFs is discussed. A hybrid integration scheme in which microstrip-type and lumped-elements are effectively combined within the filter volume is investigated for size miniaturization purposes. For experimental validation purposes, two quasi-reflectionless BPF prototypes (one- and two-stage architectures) centered at 2 GHz and a second-order BSF prototype centered at 1 GHz were designed, manufactured, andmore »measured.« less
  3. This paper reports on quasi-elliptic dual-band bandpass filters (BPFs) that were designed for the Filter Student Design Competition of the 2019 European Microwave Week. The proposed lumped-element (LE) BPF concept is based on two dual-band transversal cells and one multi-resonant cell that allow the realization of symmetric and asymmetric dual-band transfer functions shaped by six poles and five transmission zeros. A compact implementation scheme based on LE series resonators is proposed for size compactness and wide spurious free out-of-band response. For proof-of-concept demonstration purposes, a dual-band LE prototype with two passbands centered 1 and 1.5 GHz was designed, manufactured, and measured. It exhibited the following radio frequency measured performance characteristics. Passbands centered at 1.02 and 1.45 GHz, minimum insertion loss levels of 2.0 and 2.7 dB, and bandwidth of 146 and 105 MHz, respectively, for the first and the second passband, and out-of-band rejection >30 dB between 0 and 894 MHz, 1.17–1.34 GHz, and 1.72–6.9 GHz.
  4. This paper reports on an RF design methodology for acoustic-wave-resonator-(AWR)-based bandpass filters (BPFs) with input-reflectionless behavior in both their passband and stopband regions. The proposed concept is based on acoustic-wave-lumped-element resonators (AWLRs) that are incorporated in series-cascaded reflectionless stages (RLSs). Each RLS comprises a first-order bandpass section-shaped by three impedance inverters and one AWLR-and a first-order resistively-terminated bandstop section-shaped by two impedance inverters and one AWLR-that are designed to exhibit complementary transfer functions. In this manner, an input-reflectionless behavior can be obtained both at the passband and stopband regions of the filter. In addition, the use of AWLRs in the RLSs facilitates the realization of high-quality-factor quasi-elliptic-type transfer functions with fractional bandwidths (FBWs) that are wider than the electromechanical coupling coefficient (kt 2 ) of its constituent AWRs. For proof-of-concept validation purposes, one- and two-state prototypes were manufactured, and measured at 418 MHz using commercially-available surface-acoustic-wave resonators.
  5. This paper investigates the effect of filtering (or modulating) the functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) time-series on intelligence metrics predicted using dynamic functional connectivity (dFC). Thirteen brain regions that have highest correlation with intelligence are selected and their corresponding time-series are filtered. Using filtered time-series, the modified intelligence metrics are predicted. This experiment investigates whether modulating the time-series of one or two regions of the brain will increase or decrease the fluid ability and fluid intelligence among healthy humans. Two sets of experiments are performed. In the first case, each of the thirteen regions is separately filtered using four different digital filters with passbands: i) 0 - 0.25π, ii) 0.25π - 0.5π, iii) 0.5π - 0.75π, and iv) 0.75π – π, respectively. In the second case, two of the thirteen regions are filtered simultaneously using a low-pass filter of passband 0 - 0.25π. In both cases, the predicted intelligence declined for 45-65% of the subjects after filtering in comparison with the ground truths. In the first case, the low-pass filtering process had the highest predicted intelligence among the four filters. In the second case, it was noticed that the filtering of two regions simultaneously resulted in a higher prediction ofmore »intelligence for over 80% of the subjects compared to low-pass filtering of a single region.« less