Hermite Interpolation With Error Correction: Fields of Zero or Large Characteristic and Large Error Rate
Multiplicity code decoders are based on Hermite polynomial interpolation with error correction. In order to have a unique Hermite interpolant one assumes that the field of scalars has characteristic 0 or >= k+1, where k is the maximum order of the derivatives in the list of values of the polynomial and its derivatives which are interpolated. For scalar fields of characteristic k+1, the minimum number of values for interpolating a polynomial of degree <= D is D+1+2E(k+1) when <= E of the values are erroneous. Here we give an error-correcting Hermite interpolation algorithm that can tolerate more errors, assuming that the characteristic of the scalar field is either 0 or >= D+1. Our algorithm requires (k+1)D + 1 - (k+1)k/2 + 2E values. As an example, we consider k = 2. If the error ratio (number of errors)/(number of evaluations) <= 0.16, our new algorithm requires ceiling( (4+7/17) D - (1+8 /17) ) values, while multiplicity decoding requires 25D+25 values. If the error ratio is <= 0.2, our algorithm requires 5D-2 evaluations over characteristic 0 or >= D+1, while multiplicity decoding for an error ratio 0.2 over fields of characteristic 3 is not possible for D >= 3. Our algorithm is based on Reed-Solomon interpolation without multiplicities, which becomes possible for Hermite interpolation because of the high redundancy necessary for error-correction.  more » « less
Award ID(s):
NSF-PAR ID:
10293314
Author(s) / Creator(s):
; ;
Date Published:
Journal Name:
ISSAC '21: Proceedings of the 2021 on International Symposium on Symbolic and Algebraic Computation
Page Range / eLocation ID:
241 to 247
Format(s):
Medium: X
National Science Foundation
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2. (Ed.)
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3. Abstract

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