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Title: Towards The Development of Subject-Independent Inverse Metabolic Models
Diet monitoring is an important component of interventions in type 2 diabetes, but is time intensive and often inaccurate. To address this issue, we describe an approach to monitor diet automatically, by analyzing fluctuations in glucose after a meal is consumed. In particular, we evaluate three standardization techniques (baseline correction, feature normalization, and model personalization) that can be used to compensate for the large individual differences that exist in food metabolism. Then, we build machine learning models to predict the amounts of macronutrients in a meal from the associated glucose responses. We evaluate the approach on a dataset containing glucose responses for 15 participants who consumed 9 meals. Three techniques improve the accuracy of the models: subtracting the baseline glucose, performing z-score normalization, and scaling the amount of macronutrients by each individuals’ body mass index.  more » « less
Award ID(s):
2014475
NSF-PAR ID:
10295233
Author(s) / Creator(s):
; ; ; ; ; ; ;
Date Published:
Journal Name:
ICASSP 2021-2021 IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing (ICASSP)
Page Range / eLocation ID:
3970 to 3974
Format(s):
Medium: X
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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We used a variety of techniques such as the file locking mechanism, multithreading, circular buffers, real-time event decoding, and signal-decision plotting to realize the system. A video demonstrating the system is available at: https://www.isip.piconepress.com/projects/nsf_pfi_tt/resources/videos/realtime_eeg_analysis/v2.5.1/video_2.5.1.mp4. The final conference submission will include a more detailed analysis of the online performance of each module. ACKNOWLEDGMENTS Research reported in this publication was most recently supported by the National Science Foundation Partnership for Innovation award number IIP-1827565 and the Pennsylvania Commonwealth Universal Research Enhancement Program (PA CURE). Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the official views of any of these organizations. REFERENCES [1] A. Craik, Y. He, and J. L. Contreras-Vidal, “Deep learning for electroencephalogram (EEG) classification tasks: a review,” J. Neural Eng., vol. 16, no. 3, p. 031001, 2019. https://doi.org/10.1088/1741-2552/ab0ab5. [2] A. C. Bridi, T. Q. Louro, and R. C. L. Da Silva, “Clinical Alarms in intensive care: implications of alarm fatigue for the safety of patients,” Rev. Lat. Am. Enfermagem, vol. 22, no. 6, p. 1034, 2014. https://doi.org/10.1590/0104-1169.3488.2513. [3] M. Golmohammadi, V. Shah, I. Obeid, and J. Picone, “Deep Learning Approaches for Automatic Seizure Detection from Scalp Electroencephalograms,” in Signal Processing in Medicine and Biology: Emerging Trends in Research and Applications, 1st ed., I. Obeid, I. Selesnick, and J. Picone, Eds. New York, New York, USA: Springer, 2020, pp. 233–274. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-36844-9_8. [4] “CFM Olympic Brainz Monitor.” [Online]. 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