In this paper, we propose a pose grammar to tackle the problem of 3D human pose estimation. Our model directly takes 2D pose as input and learns a generalized 2D-3D mapping function. The proposed model consists of a base network which efficiently captures pose-aligned features and a hierarchy of Bi-directional RNNs (BRNN) on the top to explicitly incorporate a set of knowledge regarding human body configuration (i.e., kinematics, symmetry, motor coordination). The proposed model thus enforces high-level constraints over human poses. In learning, we develop a pose sample simulator to augment training samples in virtual camera views, which further improves our model generalizability. We validate our method on public 3D human pose benchmarks and propose a new evaluation protocol working on cross-view setting to verify the generalization capability of different methods.We empirically observe that most state-of-the-art methods encounter difficulty under such setting while our method can well handle such challenges.
Camera Pose Matters: Improving Depth Prediction by Mitigating Pose Distribution Bias
Monocular depth predictors are typically trained on large-scale training sets which are naturally biased w.r.t the distribution of camera poses. As a result, trained predic- tors fail to make reliable depth predictions for testing exam- ples captured under uncommon camera poses. To address this issue, we propose two novel techniques that exploit the camera pose during training and prediction. First, we in- troduce a simple perspective-aware data augmentation that synthesizes new training examples with more diverse views by perturbing the existing ones in a geometrically consis- tent manner. Second, we propose a conditional model that exploits the per-image camera pose as prior knowledge by encoding it as a part of the input. We show that jointly ap- plying the two methods improves depth prediction on im- ages captured under uncommon and even never-before-seen camera poses. We show that our methods improve perfor- mance when applied to a range of different predictor ar- chitectures. Lastly, we show that explicitly encoding the camera pose distribution improves the generalization per- formance of a synthetically trained depth predictor when evaluated on real images.
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- IEEE Computer Society Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
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- National Science Foundation
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