A bstract We study the fourpoint function of the lowestlying halfBPS operators in the $$ \mathcal{N} $$ N = 4 SU( N ) superYangMills theory and its relation to the flatspace fourgraviton amplitude in type IIB superstring theory. We work in a large N expansion in which the complexified YangMills coupling τ is fixed. In this expansion, nonperturbative instanton contributions are present, and the SL(2 , ℤ) duality invariance of correlation functions is manifest. Our results are based on a detailed analysis of the sphere partition function of the massdeformed SYM theory, which was previously computed using supersymmetric localization. This partition function determines a certain integrated correlator in the undeformed $$ \mathcal{N} $$ N = 4 SYM theory, which in turn constrains the fourpoint correlator at separated points. In a normalization where the twopoint functions are proportional to N 2 − 1 and are independent of τ and $$ \overline{\tau} $$ τ ¯ , we find that the terms of order $$ \sqrt{N} $$ N and $$ 1/\sqrt{N} $$ 1 / N in the large N expansion of the fourpoint correlator are proportional to the nonholomorphic Eisenstein series $$ E\left(\frac{3}{2},\tau, \overline{\tau}\right) $$ E 3 2 τ τ ¯ and $$ E\left(\frac{5}{2},\tau, \overline{\tau}\right) $$ E 5 2 τ τ ¯ , respectively. In the flat space limit, these terms match the corresponding terms in the type IIB Smatrix arising from R 4 and D 4 R 4 contact interactions, which, for the R 4 case, represents a check of AdS/CFT at finite string coupling. Furthermore, we present striking evidence that these results generalize so that, at order $$ {N}^{\frac{1}{2}m} $$ N 1 2 − m with integer m ≥ 0, the expansion of the integrated correlator we study is a linear sum of nonholomorphic Eisenstein series with halfinteger index, which are manifestly SL(2 , ℤ) invariant.
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$$ \mathcal{N} $$ = 4 SuperYangMills correlators at strong coupling from string theory and localization
A bstract We compute 1 /λ corrections to the fourpoint functions of halfBPS operators in SU( N ) $$ \mathcal{N} $$ N = 4 superYangMills theory at large N and large ’t Hooft coupling λ = $$ {g}_{\mathrm{YM}}^2N $$ g YM 2 N using two methods. Firstly, we relate integrals of these correlators to derivatives of the mass deformed S 4 free energy, which was computed at leading order in large N and to all orders in 1 /λ using supersymmetric localization. Secondly, we use AdS/CFT to relate these 1 /λ corrections to higher derivative corrections to supergravity for scattering amplitudes of KaluzaKlein scalars in IIB string theory on AdS 5 × S 5 , which in the flat space limit are known from worldsheet calculations. These two methods match at the order corresponding to the tree level R 4 interaction in string theory, which provides a precise check of AdS/CFT beyond supergravity, and allow us to derive the holographic correlators to tree level D 4 R 4 order. Combined with constraints from [1], our results can be used to derive CFT data to oneloop D 4 R 4 order. Finally, we use AdS/CFT to fix these correlators in the limit where N is taken to be large while g YM is kept fixed. In this limit, we present a conjecture for the small mass limit of the S 4 partition function that includes all instanton corrections and is written in terms of the same Eisenstein series that appear in the study of string theory scattering amplitudes.
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 Award ID(s):
 1820651
 NSFPAR ID:
 10311703
 Date Published:
 Journal Name:
 Journal of High Energy Physics
 Volume:
 2019
 Issue:
 12
 ISSN:
 10298479
 Format(s):
 Medium: X
 Sponsoring Org:
 National Science Foundation
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