skip to main content


Title: Adaptive Participant Selection in Heterogeneous Federated Learning
Federated learning (FL) is a distributed machine learning technique to address the data privacy issue. Participant selection is critical to determine the latency of the training process in a heterogeneous FL architecture, where users with different hardware setups and wireless channel conditions communicate with their base station to participate in the FL training process. Many solutions have been designed to consider computational and uploading latency of different users to select suitable participants such that the straggler problem can be avoided. However, none of these solutions consider the waiting time of a participant, which refers to the latency of a participant waiting for the wireless channel to be available, and the waiting time could significantly affect the latency of the training process, especially when a huge number of participants are involved in the training process and share the wireless channel in the time-division duplexing manner to upload their local FL models. In this paper, we consider not only the computational and uploading latency but also the waiting time (which is estimated based on an M/G/1 queueing model) of a participant to select suitable participants. We formulate an optimization problem to maximize the number of selected participants, who can upload their local models before the deadline in a global iteration. The Latency awarE pARticipant selectioN (LEARN) algorithm is proposed to solve the problem and the performance of LEARN is validated via simulations.  more » « less
Award ID(s):
1757207
NSF-PAR ID:
10315781
Author(s) / Creator(s):
; ; ; ;
Date Published:
Journal Name:
2021 IEEE Global Communications Conference (GLOBECOM)
Format(s):
Medium: X
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
More Like this
  1. Federated learning (FL) is a collaborative machine-learning (ML) framework particularly suited for ML models requiring numerous training samples, such as Convolutional Neural Networks (CNNs), Recurrent Neural Networks (RNNs), and Random Forest, in the context of various applications, e.g., next-word prediction and eHealth. FL involves various clients participating in the training process by uploading their local models to an FL server in each global iteration. The server aggregates these models to update a global model. The traditional FL process may encounter bottlenecks, known as the straggler problem, where slower clients delay the overall training time. This paper introduces the Latency-awarE Semi-synchronous client Selection and mOdel aggregation for federated learNing (LESSON) method. LESSON allows clients to participate at different frequencies: faster clients contribute more frequently, therefore mitigating the straggler problem and expediting convergence. Moreover, LESSON provides a tunable trade-off between model accuracy and convergence rate by setting varying deadlines. Simulation results show that LESSON outperforms two baseline methods, namely FedAvg and FedCS, in terms of convergence speed and maintains higher model accuracy compared to FedCS.

     
    more » « less
  2. null (Ed.)
    Federated learning (FL) is a highly pursued machine learning technique that can train a model centrally while keeping data distributed. Distributed computation makes FL attractive for bandwidth limited applications especially in wireless communications. There can be a large number of distributed edge devices connected to a central parameter server (PS) and iteratively download/upload data from/to the PS. Due to limited bandwidth, only a subset of connected devices can be scheduled in each round. There are usually millions of parameters in the state-of-art machine learning models such as deep learning, resulting in a high computation complexity as well as a high communication burden on collecting/distributing data for training. To improve communication efficiency and make the training model converge faster, we propose a new scheduling policy and power allocation scheme using non-orthogonal multiple access (NOMA) settings to maximize the weighted sum data rate under practical constraints during the entire learning process. NOMA allows multiple users to transmit on the same channel simultaneously. The user scheduling problem is transformed into a maximum-weight independent set problem that can be solved using graph theory. Simulation results show that the proposed scheduling and power allocation scheme can help achieve a higher FL testing accuracy in NOMA based wireless networks than other existing schemes within the same learning time. 
    more » « less
  3. Federated learning (FL) has been emerging as a new distributed machine learning paradigm recently. Although FL can protect the data privacy of participants by keeping their training data on local devices, there are recent works raising new privacy concerns especially when workers or the parameter server of FL are untrustworthy or malicious. One effective way to solve the problem is using hierarchical federated learning (HFL) where a few middle-layer aggregators (or called group leaders) are used to aggregate local model updates from workers and send group model updates to the parameter server. In this paper, we consider the participant selection problem of HFL in an edge cloud with multiple FL models, where each model needs to select one parameter server, a few group leaders and a certain amount of workers from edge servers to jointly perform HFL. We first formulate this problem as a non-linear integer programming, aiming to minimize the total learning cost of all models while satisfying the constrained edge resources. We then design a three-stage algorithm by decoupling the original problem into three sub-problems and solving them iteratively. Simulations with real-world datasets and FL models confirm that our proposed algorithm can efficiently reduce the average total learning cost in edge cloud compared with existing methods. 
    more » « less
  4. The conventional machine learning (ML) and deep learning (DL) methods use large amount of data to construct desirable prediction models in a central fusion center for recognizing human activities. However, such model training encounters high communication costs and leads to privacy infringement. To address the issues of high communication overhead and privacy leakage, we employed a widely popular distributed ML technique called Federated Learning (FL) that generates a global model for predicting human activities by combining participated agents’ local knowledge. The state-of-the-art FL model fails to maintain acceptable accuracy when there is a large number of unreliable agents who can infuse false model, or, resource-constrained agents that fails to perform an assigned computational task within a given time window. We developed an FL model for predicting human activities by monitoring agent’s contributions towards model convergence and avoiding the unreliable and resource-constrained agents from training. We assign a score to each client when it joins in a network and the score is updated based on the agent’s activities during training. We consider three mobile robots as FL clients that are heterogeneous in terms of their resources such as processing capability, memory, bandwidth, battery-life and data volume. We consider heterogeneous mobile robots for understanding the effects of real-world FL setting in presence of resource-constrained agents. We consider an agent unreliable if it repeatedly gives slow response or infuses incorrect models during training. By disregarding the unreliable and weak agents, we carry-out the local training of the FL process on selected agents. If somehow, a weak agent is selected and started showing straggler issues, we leverage asynchronous FL mechanism that aggregate the local models whenever it receives a model update from the agents. Asynchronous FL eliminates the issue of waiting for a long time to receive model updates from the weak agents. To the end, we simulate how we can track the behavior of the agents through a reward-punishment scheme and present the influence of unreliable and resource-constrained agents in the FL process. We found that FL performs slightly worse than centralized models, if there is no unreliable and resource-constrained agent. However, as the number of malicious and straggler clients increases, our proposed model performs more effectively by identifying and avoiding those agents while recognizing human activities as compared to the stateof-the-art FL and ML approaches. 
    more » « less
  5. We consider the problem of predicting cellular network performance (signal maps) from measurements collected by several mobile devices. We formulate the problem within the online federated learning framework: (i) federated learning (FL) enables users to collaboratively train a model, while keeping their training data on their devices; (ii) measurements are collected as users move around over time and are used for local training in an online fashion. We consider an honest-but-curious server, who observes the updates from target users participating in FL and infers their location using a deep leakage from gradients (DLG) type of attack, originally developed to reconstruct training data of DNN image classifiers. We make the key observation that a DLG attack, applied to our setting, infers the average location of a batch of local data, and can thus be used to reconstruct the target users' trajectory at a coarse granularity. We build on this observation to protect location privacy, in our setting, by revisiting and designing mechanisms within the federated learning framework including: tuning the FL parameters for averaging, curating local batches so as to mislead the DLG attacker, and aggregating across multiple users with different trajectories. We evaluate the performance of our algorithms through both analysis and simulation based on real-world mobile datasets, and we show that they achieve a good privacy-utility tradeoff. 
    more » « less