Smart grid attacks can be applied on a single component or multiple components. The corresponding defense strategies are totally different. In this paper, we investigate the solutions (e.g., linear programming and reinforcement learning) for one-shot game between the attacker and defender in smart power systems. We designed one-shot game with multi-line- switching attack and solved it using linear programming. We also designed the game with single-line-switching attack and solved it using reinforcement learning. The pay-off and utility/reward of the game is calculated based on the generation loss due to initiated attack by the attacker. Defender's defense action is considered while evaluating the pay-off from attacker's and defender's action. The linear programming based solution gives the probability of choosing best attack actions against different defense actions. The reinforcement learning based solution gives the optimal action to take under selected defense action. The proposed game is demonstrated on 6 bus system and IEEE 30 bus system and optimal solutions are analyzed.
Vulnerability of Controller Area Network to Schedule-Based Attacks
The secure functioning of automotive systems is vital to the safety of their passengers and other roadway users. One of the critical functions for safety is the controller area network (CAN), which interconnects the safety-critical electronic control units (ECUs) in the majority of ground vehicles. Unfortunately CAN is known to be vulnerable to several attacks. One such attack is the bus-off attack, which can be used to cause a victim ECU to disconnect itself from the CAN bus and, subsequently, for an attacker to masquerade as that ECU. A limitation of the bus-off attack is that it requires the attacker to achieve tight synchronization between the transmission of the victim and the attacker’s injected message. In this paper, we introduce a schedule-based attack framework for the CAN bus-off attack that uses the real-time schedule of the CAN bus to predict more attack opportunities than previously known. We describe a ranking method for an attacker to select and optimize its attack injections with respect to criteria such as attack success rate, bus perturbation, or attack latency. The results show that vulnerabilities of the CAN bus can be enhanced by schedulebased attacks.
- Publication Date:
- NSF-PAR ID:
- Journal Name:
- 2021 IEEE Real-Time Systems Symposium (RTSS)
- Sponsoring Org:
- National Science Foundation
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