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Title: The influence of the 6s 2 configuration of Bi 3+ on the structures of A′BiNb 2 O 7 (A′ = Rb, Na, Li) layered perovskite oxides
Solid state compounds which exhibit non-centrosymmetric crystal structures are of great interest due to the physical properties they can exhibit. The ‘hybrid improper’ mechanism – in which two non-polar distortion modes couple to, and stabilize, a further polar distortion mode, yielding an acentric crystal structure – offers opportunities to prepare a range of novel non-centrosymmetric solids, but examples of compounds exhibiting acentric crystal structures stabilized by this mechanism are still relatively rare. Here we describe a series of bismuth-containing layered perovskite oxide phases, RbBiNb 2 O 7 , LiBiNb 2 O 7 and NaBiNb 2 O 7 , which have structural frameworks compatible with hybrid-improper ferroelectricity, but also contain Bi 3+ cations which are often observed to stabilize acentric crystal structures due to their 6s 2 electronic configurations. Neutron powder diffraction analysis reveals that RbBiNb 2 O 7 and LiBiNb 2 O 7 adopt polar crystal structures (space groups I 2 cm and B 2 cm respectively), compatible with stabilization by a trilinear coupling of non-polar and polar modes. The Bi 3+ cations present are observed to enhance the magnitude of the polar distortions of these phases, but are not the primary driver for the acentric structure, as evidenced by more » the observation that replacing the Bi 3+ cations with Nd 3+ cations does not change the structural symmetry of the compounds. In contrast the non-centrosymmetric, but non-polar structure of NaBiNb 2 O 7 (space group P 2 1 2 1 2 1 ) differs significantly from the centrosymmetric structure of NaNdNb 2 O 7 , which is attributed to a second-order Jahn-Teller distortion associated with the presence of the Bi 3+ cations. « less
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Award ID(s):
1719875 2002319
Publication Date:
Journal Name:
Dalton Transactions
Page Range or eLocation-ID:
15359 to 15369
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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