Toward on-demand modulation and annihilation of aeroelastic limit cycle oscillations with dynamic upstream disturbance generator
Periodic upstream flow disturbances from a bluff body have recently been shown to be able to modulate and annihilate limit cycle oscillations (LCOs) in a downstream aeroelastic wing section under certain conditions. To further investigate these phenomena, we have implemented a controllable wind tunnel disturbance generator to enable quantification of the parameter ranges under which these nonlinear interactions can occur. This disturbance generator, consisting of a pitch-actuated cylinder with an attached splitter plate, can be oscillated to produce a von Karman type wake with vortex shedding frequency equal to the oscillation frequency over a range of frequencies around the natural shedding frequency of the cylinder alone. At vortex shedding frequencies away from the LCO frequency of the wing, forced oscillations were observed in the wing, but the wing did not enter self-sustaining LCOs. However, when disturbances were introduced near the LCO frequency, the initially static downstream wing entered self-sustaining oscillations in the presence of the incoming vortices, and these LCOs persisted when the disturbance generator was stopped. Annihilation of the wing LCOs was also observed disturbance vortices were introduced upstream of the wing in LCO.