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Title: Simplified Model for Analyzing Shortwave Solar Effects on Indoor Thermal Comfort
Abstract Shortwave solar irradiance through building windows may have significant impacts on indoor thermal comfort, especially in near-window zones. Such effects change with intensity and spectral variations of the solar irradiance incident on building windows, which is related to the day of the year, time of day, orientation and dimension of the window, and atmospheric conditions. To assess the effects on thermal comfort, we derived a variable - mean radiant temperature delta based on a proposed spectrally-resolved method to represent the quantity of shortwave solar irradiance incident on occupants and be incorporated into PMV (predicted mean votes)-based thermal comfort models. By characterizing the variations of the calculated PMV values under different solar conditions, the influencing factors to indoor thermal comfort by shortwave solar irradiance were obtained and analyzed. Last, upon a series of parametric settings and numerical analysis, simplified statistical regression models were also established to directly predict spectrally-resolved mean radiant temperature delta and PMV values. This could be convenient and extensively to estimate the solar effects on indoor thermal comfort within the near-window zones.  more » « less
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Journal of Physics: Conference Series
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Medium: X
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National Science Foundation
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