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Title: Excited state dynamics of 2′-deoxyisoguanosine and isoguanosine in aqueous solution
Photostability is thought to be an inherent property of nucleobases required to survive the extreme ultraviolet radiation conditions of the prebiotic era. Previous studies have shown that absorption of ultraviolet radiation by the canonical nucleosides results in ultrafast internal conversion to the ground state, demonstrating that these nucleosides efficiently dissipate the excess electronic energy to the environment. In recent years, studies on the photophysical and photochemical properties of nucleobase derivatives have revealed that chemical substitution influences the electronic relaxation pathways of purine and pyrimidine nucleobases. It has been suggested that amino or carbonyl substitution at the C6 position could increase the photostability of the purine derivatives more than the substitution at the C2 position. This investigation aims to elucidate the excited state dynamics of 2′-deoxyisoguanosine (dIsoGuo) and isoguanosine (IsoGuo) in aqueous solution at pH 7.4 and 1.4, which contain an amino group at the C6 position and a carbonyl group at the C2 position of the purine chromophore. The study of these derivatives is performed using absorption and emission spectroscopies, broadband transient absorption spectroscopy, and density functional and time-dependent density functional levels of theory. It is shown that the primary relaxation mechanism of dIsoGuo and IsoGuo involves nonradiative decay pathways, more » where the population decays from the S 1 (ππ*) state through internal conversion to the ground state via two relaxation pathways with lifetimes of hundreds of femtoseconds and less than 2 ps, making these purine nucleosides photostable in aqueous solution. « less
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Publication Date:
Journal Name:
Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics
Page Range or eLocation-ID:
6769 to 6781
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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