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This content will become publicly available on September 14, 2023

Title: The mechanism for acetate formation in electrochemical CO (2) reduction on Cu: selectivity with potential, pH, and nanostructuring
Nanostructured Cu catalysts have increased the selectivities and geometric activities for high value C–C coupled (C 2 ) products (ethylene, ethanol, and acetate) in the electrochemical CO (2) reduction reaction (CO (2) RR). The selectivity among the high-value C 2 products is also altered, where for instance the yield of acetate increases with alkalinity and is dependent on the catalyst morphology. The reaction mechanisms behind the selectivity towards acetate vs. other C 2 products remain controversial. In this work, we elucidate the reaction mechanism for acetate formation by using ab initio simulations, a coupled kinetic-transport model, and loading dependent experiments. We find that trends in acetate selectivity can be rationalized from variations in electrolyte pH and the local mass transport properties of the catalyst and not from changes in Cu's intrinsic activity. The selectivity mechanism originates from the transport of ketene, a stable (closed shell) intermediate, away from the catalyst surface into solution where it reacts to form acetate. While this type of mechanism has not yet been discussed in the CO (2) RR, variants of it may explain similar selectivity fluctuations observed for other stable intermediates like CO and acetaldehyde. Our proposed mechanism suggests that acetate selectivity increases with more » increasing pH, decreasing catalyst roughness and significantly varies with the applied potential. « less
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Journal Name:
Energy & Environmental Science
Page Range or eLocation-ID:
3978 to 3990
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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  1. Abstract

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