This content will become publicly available on May 16, 2023
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- Applied Physics Letters
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- National Science Foundation
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BAlN films were grown by flow-rate modulation epitaxy on AlN. Figure 1 shows x-ray diffraction (XRD) peaks of 3-µm AlN/(0001) sapphire template layer and 45-nm BAlN layer at 2θ angles of 36.146o and 36.481o, corresponding to c-lattice constants of 4.966 and 4.922Å, respectively. The BAlN XRD peak is very clear and distinct given the small thickness, indicating good wurtzite crystallinity. It is not possible to directly calculate the B content from XRD alone because of uncertainty of the lattice parameters and strain. However, based on the angular separation of the XRD peaks and c-lattice constant difference, the B content is estimated to be ~7% [ ], which is considerably higher than those of high-quality wurtzite BAlN layers reported before [ , , ]. To obtain the accurate B content, Rutherford backscattering spectrometry (RBS) measurements are being made. Figures 2(a)-(b) show a high-resolution cross-sectional transmission electron microscopy (TEM) image with a magnification of 150 kx taken at a-zone axis ([11-20] projection) and diffraction pattern after fast-Fourier transform (FFT). A sharp interface between the AlN and BAlN layers is observed. In addition, the BAlN film exhibits a highly ordered lattice throughout the entire 45nm thickness without the polycrystalline columnar structures found inmore »
Record >10 MV/cm mesa breakdown fields in Al 0.85 Ga 0.15 N/Al 0.6 Ga 0.4 N high electron mobility transistors on native AlN substratesThe ultra-wide bandgap of Al-rich AlGaN is expected to support a significantly larger breakdown field compared to GaN, but the reported performance thus far has been limited by the use of foreign substrates. In this Letter, the material and electrical properties of Al 0.85 Ga 0.15 N/Al 0.6 Ga 0.4 N high electron mobility transistors (HEMT) grown on a 2-in. single crystal AlN substrate are investigated, and it is demonstrated that native AlN substrates unlock the potential for Al-rich AlGaN to sustain large fields in such devices. We further study how Ohmic contacts made directly to a Si-doped channel layer reduce the knee voltage and increase the output current density. High-quality AlGaN growth is confirmed via scanning transmission electron microscopy, which also reveals the absence of metal penetration at the Ohmic contact interface and is in contrast to established GaN HEMT technology. Two-terminal mesa breakdown characteristics with 1.3 μm separation possess a record-high breakdown field strength of ∼11.5 MV/cm for an undoped Al 0.6 Ga 0.4 N-channel layer. The breakdown voltages for three-terminal devices measured with gate-drain distances of 4 and 9 μm are 850 and 1500 V, respectively.
Epitaxial ScxAl1−xN thin films of ∼100 nm thickness grown on metal polar GaN substrates are found to exhibit significantly enhanced relative dielectric permittivity (εr) values relative to AlN. εrvalues of ∼17–21 for Sc mole fractions of 17%–25% ( x = 0.17–0.25) measured electrically by capacitance–voltage measurements indicate that ScxAl1−xN has the largest relative dielectric permittivity of any existing nitride material. Since epitaxial ScxAl1−xN layers deposited on GaN also exhibit large polarization discontinuity, the heterojunction can exploit the in situ high-K dielectric property to extend transistor operation for power electronics and high-speed microwave applications.
Ultrawide bandgap Al x Ga 1-x N channel heterostructure field transistors with drain currents exceeding 1.3 A/mmWe report an Ultrawide Bandgap Al0.4Ga0.6N channel Metal-Oxide-Semiconductor Heterostructure field effect transistor with drain currents exceeding 1.33 A/mm (pulse) and 1.17A/mm (DC), around 2-fold increase over reported for AlGaN HFETs. The increase was achieved by incorporating hybrid barrier layer consisting of an AlN spacer, n-doped Al0.6Ga0.4N barrier and a thin reverse graded AlxGa1-xN (x from 0.60 to 0.30) cap layer. To enhance current spreading, a "perforated" channel layout comprising of narrow channel sections separated by current blocking islands was used. A composite ALD deposited ZrO2/Al2O3 film was used as gate dielectric. A breakdown field above 2MV/cm was measured.
Record low resistivities of 10 and 30 Ω cm and room-temperature free hole concentrations as high as 3 × 1018 cm−3were achieved in bulk doping of Mg in Al0.6Ga0.4N films grown on AlN single crystalline wafer and sapphire. The highly conductive films exhibited a low ionization energy of 50 meV and impurity band conduction. Both high Mg concentration (>2 × 1019cm−3) and low compensation were required to achieve impurity band conduction and high p-type conductivity. The formation of VN-related compensators was actively suppressed by chemical potential control during the deposition process. This work overcomes previous limitations in p-type aluminum gallium nitride (p-AlGaN) and offers a technologically viable solution to high p-conductivity in AlGaN and AlN.