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Title: The TREX Survey: Kinematical Complexity Throughout M33's Stellar Disk and Evidence for a Stellar Halo*

We present initial results from a large spectroscopic survey of stars throughout M33's stellar disk. We analyze a sample of 1667 red giant branch (RGB) stars extending to projected distances of ∼11 kpc from M33's center (∼18 kpc, or ∼10 scale lengths, in the plane of the disk). The line-of-sight velocities of RGB stars show the presence of two kinematical components. One component is consistent with rotation in the plane of M33's Hidisk and has a velocity dispersion (∼19 km s−1), consistent with that observed in a comparison sample of younger stars, while the second component has a significantly higher velocity dispersion. A two-component fit to the RGB velocity distribution finds that the high-dispersion component has a velocity dispersion of59.32.5+2.6km s−1and rotates very slowly in the plane of the disk (consistent with no rotation at the <1.5σlevel), which favors interpreting it as a stellar halo rather than a thick disk population. A spatial analysis indicates that the fraction of RGB stars in the high-velocity-dispersion component decreases with increasing radius over the range covered by the spectroscopic sample. Our spectroscopic sample establishes that a significant high-velocity-dispersion component is present in M33's RGB population from near M33's center more » to at least the radius where M33's Hidisk begins to warp at 30′ (∼7.5 kpc) in the plane of the disk. This is the first detection and spatial characterization of a kinematically hot stellar component throughout M33's inner regions.

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Award ID(s):
1909759 1909066
Publication Date:
Journal Name:
The Astrophysical Journal
Page Range or eLocation-ID:
Article No. 116
DOI PREFIX: 10.3847
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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