Weak magnetic field-dependent photoluminescence properties of lead bromide perovskites

The strong spin–orbit coupling (SOC) in lead halide perovskites, when inversion symmetry is lifted, has provided opportunities for investigating the Rashba effect in these systems. Moreover, the strong orbital moment, which, in turn, impacts the spin-pair in singlet and triplet electronic states, plays a significant role in enhancing the optoelectronic properties in the presence of external magnetic fields in lead halide perovskites. Here, we investigate the effect of weak magnetic fields (<1 T) on the photoluminescence (PL) properties of [Formula: see text] nanocrystals with and without Ruddlesden–Popper (RP) faults and single crystals of [Formula: see text]. Along with an enhancement in the PL intensity as a function of an external magnetic field, which is observed in both lead bromide perovskites, the PL emission red-shifts in [Formula: see text] nanocrystals. Density-functional theory calculations of the electronic band-edge in [Formula: see text] show almost no change in the energy gap as a function of the external magnetic field. The experimental results, thus, suggest the role of mixing of the triplet and singlet excitonic states under weak magnetic fields. This is further deduced from an enhancement in PL lifetimes as a function of the field in [Formula: see text]. In [Formula: see text], an more »

Authors:
;  ;  ;  ;  ;  ;  ;  ;  ;
Award ID(s):
Publication Date:
NSF-PAR ID:
10364353
Journal Name:
Journal of Applied Physics
Volume:
131
Issue:
12
Page Range or eLocation-ID:
Article No. 125105
ISSN:
0021-8979
Publisher:
American Institute of Physics
3. Halide perovskites, such as methylammonium lead halide perovskites ($MAPbX3$,$X=I$, Br, and Cl), are emerging as promising candidates for a wide range of optoelectronic applications, including solar cells, light-emitting diodes, and photodetectors, due to their superior optoelectronic properties. All-inorganic lead halide perovskites$CsPbX3$are attracting a lot of attention because replacing the organic cations with$Cs+$enhances the stability, and its halide-mixing derivatives offer broad bandgap tunability covering nearly the entire visible spectrum. However, there is evidence suggesting that the optical properties of mixed-halide perovskites are influenced by phase segregation under external stimuli, especially illumination, which may negatively impact the performance of optoelectronic devices. It is reported that the mixed-halide perovskites in forms of thin films and nanocrystals are segregated into a low-bandgap I-rich phase and a high-bandgap Br-rich phase. Herein, we present a critical review on the synthesis and basic properties of all-inorganic perovskites, phase-segregation phenomena, plausible mechanisms, and methods to mitigate phase segregation, providing insights on advancing mixed-halide perovskite optoelectronics with reliable performance.