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Title: A Study of Dimmings, CMEs, and Flares during the STEREO-SOHO Quadrature

During thequadrature period(2010 December–2011 August) the STEREO-A and B satellites were approximately at right angles to the SOHO satellite. This alignment was particularly advantageous for determining the coronal mass ejection (CME) properties, since the closer a CME propagates to the plane of sky, the smaller the measurement inaccuracies are. Our primary goal was to study dimmings and their relationship to CMEs and flares during this time. We identified 53 coronal dimmings using STEREO/EUVI 195 Å observations, and linked 42 of the dimmings to CMEs (observed with SOHO/LASCO/C2) and 23 to flares. Each dimming in the catalog was processed with the Coronal Dimming Tracker which detects transient dark regions in extreme ultraviolet images directly, without the use of difference images. This approach allowed us to observefootpoint dimmings: the regions of mass depletion at the footpoints of erupting magnetic flux rope structures. Our results show that the CME mass has a linear, moderate correlation with dimming total EUV intensity change, and a monotonic, moderate correlation with dimming area. These results suggest that the more the dimming intensity drops and the larger the erupting region is, the more plasma is evacuated. We also found a strong correlation between the flare duration and the total change in EUV intensity. The correlation between dimming properties showed that larger dimmings tend to be brighter; they go through more intensity loss and generally live longer—supporting the hypothesis that larger transient open regions release more plasma and take longer to close down and refill with plasma.

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DOI PREFIX: 10.3847
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Journal Name:
The Astrophysical Journal
Medium: X Size: Article No. 165
["Article No. 165"]
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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