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Title: Inferring functional communities from partially observed biological networks exploiting geometric topology and side information

Cellular biological networks represent the molecular interactions that shape function of living cells. Uncovering the organization of a biological network requires efficient and accurate algorithms to determine the components, termed communities, underlying specific processes. Detecting functional communities is challenging because reconstructed biological networks are always incomplete due to technical bias and biological complexity, and the evaluation of putative communities is further complicated by a lack of known ground truth. To address these challenges, we developed a geometric-based detection framework based on Ollivier-Ricci curvature to exploit information about network topology to perform community detection from partially observed biological networks. We further improved this approach by integrating knowledge of gene function, termed side information, into the Ollivier-Ricci curvature algorithm to aid in community detection. This approach identified essential conserved and varied biological communities from partially observedArabidopsisprotein interaction datasets better than the previously used methods. We show that Ollivier-Ricci curvature with side information identified an expanded auxin community to include an important protein stability complex, the Cop9 signalosome, consistent with previous reported links to auxin response and root development. The results show that community detection based on Ollivier-Ricci curvature with side information can uncover novel components and novel communities in biological networks, providing novel insight into the organization and function of complex networks.

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Award ID(s):
1936800 1932620
Author(s) / Creator(s):
; ; ; ;
Publisher / Repository:
Nature Publishing Group
Date Published:
Journal Name:
Scientific Reports
Medium: X
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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