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Title: Using Dominating Sets to Block Contagions in Social Networks
Abstract—There are myriad real-life examples of contagion processes on human social networks, e.g., spread of viruses, information, and social unrest. Also, there are many methods to control or block contagion spread. In this work, we introduce a novel method of blocking contagions that uses nodes from dominating sets (DSs). To our knowledge, this is the first use of DS nodes to block contagions. Finding minimum dominating sets of graphs is an NP-Complete problem, so we generalize a well-known heuristic, enabling us to customize its execution. Our method produces a prioritized list of dominating nodes, which is, in turn, a prioritized list of blocking nodes. Thus, for a given network, we compute this list of blocking nodes and we use it to block contagions for all blocking node budgets, contagion seed sets, and parameter values of the contagion model. We report on computational experiments of the blocking efficacy of our approach using two mined networks. We also demonstrate the effectiveness of our approach by comparing blocking results with those from the high degree heuristic, which is a common standard in blocking studies. Index Terms—contagion blocking, dominating sets, threshold models, social networks, simulation, high degree heuristic  more » « less
Award ID(s):
1916805 1918656
NSF-PAR ID:
10376914
Author(s) / Creator(s):
; ; ;
Date Published:
Journal Name:
IEEE/ACM International Conference on Advances in Social Networks Analysis and Mining
Format(s):
Medium: X
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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