We investigate a novel communications system that integrates scalable multi-layer 360-degree video tiling, viewport-adaptive rate-distortion optimal resource allocation, and VR-centric edge computing and caching, to enable future high-quality untethered VR streaming. Our system comprises a collection of 5G small cells that can pool their communication, computing, and storage resources to collectively deliver scalable 360-degree video content to mobile VR clients at much higher quality. Our major contributions are rigorous design of multi-layer 360-degree tiling and related models of statistical user navigation, and analysis and optimization of edge-based multi-user VR streaming that integrates viewport adaptation and server cooperation. We also explore the possibility of network coded data operation and its implications for the analysis, optimization, and system performance we pursue here. We demonstrate considerable gains in delivered immersion fidelity, featuring much higher 360-degree viewport peak signal to noise ratio (PSNR) and VR video frame rates and spatial resolutions.
This content will become publicly available on June 16, 2023
Millimeter Wave and Free-Space-Optics for Future Dual-Connectivity 6DOF Mobile Multi-User VR Streaming
Dual-connectivity streaming is a key enabler of next generation six Degrees Of Freedom (6DOF) Virtual Reality (VR) scene immersion. Indeed, using conventional sub-6 GHz WiFi only allows to reliably stream a low-quality baseline representation of the VR content, while emerging high-frequency communication technologies allow to stream in parallel a high-quality user viewport-specific enhancement representation that synergistically integrates with the baseline representation, to deliver high-quality VR immersion. We investigate holistically as part of an entire future VR streaming system two such candidate emerging technologies, Free Space Optics (FSO) and millimeter-Wave (mmWave) that benefit from a large available spectrum to deliver unprecedented data rates. We analytically characterize the key components of the envisioned dual-connectivity 6DOF VR streaming system that integrates in addition edge computing and scalable 360° video tiling, and we formulate an optimization problem to maximize the immersion fidelity delivered by the system, given the WiFi and mmWave/FSO link rates, and the computing capabilities of the edge server and the users’ VR headsets. This optimization problem is mixed integer programming of high complexity and we formulate a geometric programming framework to compute the optimal solution at low complexity. We carry out simulation experiments to assess the performance of the proposed system more »
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- ACM Transactions on Multimedia Computing, Communications, and Applications
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- National Science Foundation
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