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Title: The Properties of Fast Yellow Pulsating Supergiants: FYPS Point the Way to Missing Red Supergiants

Fast yellow pulsating supergiants (FYPS) are a recently discovered class of evolved massive pulsators. As candidate supergiant objects, and one of the few classes of pulsating evolved massive stars, these objects have incredible potential to change our understanding of the structure and evolution of massive stars. Here we examine the lightcurves of a sample of 126 cool supergiants in the Magellanic Clouds observed by the Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite in order to identify pulsating stars. After making quality cuts and filtering out contaminant objects, we examine the distribution of pulsating stars in the Hertzprung–Russel (HR) diagram, and find that FYPS occupy a region abovelogL/L5.0. This luminosity boundary corresponds to stars with initial masses of ∼18–20M, consistent with the most massive red supergiant progenitors of supernovae (SNe) II-P, as well as the observed properties of SNe IIb progenitors. This threshold is in agreement with the picture that FYPS are post-RSG stars. Finally, we characterize the behavior of FYPS pulsations as a function of their location in the HR diagram. We find low-frequency pulsations at higher effective temperatures, and higher-frequency pulsations at lower temperatures, with a transition between the two behaviors at intermediate temperatures. The observed properties more » of FYPS make them fascinating objects for future theoretical study.

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The Astrophysical Journal
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Article No. 27
DOI PREFIX: 10.3847
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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