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Title: Shear thickening in dense bidisperse suspensions
Discrete-particle simulations of bidisperse shear thickening suspensions are reported. The work considers two packing parameters, the large-to-small particle radius ratio ranging from [Formula: see text] (nearly monodisperse) to [Formula: see text], and the large particle fraction of the total solid loading with values [Formula: see text], 0.5, and 0.85. Particle-scale simulations are performed over a broad range of shear stresses using a simulation model for spherical particles accounting for short-range lubrication forces, frictional interaction, and repulsion between particles. The variation of rheological properties and the maximum packing fraction [Formula: see text] with shear stress [Formula: see text] are reported. At a fixed volume fraction [Formula: see text], bidispersity decreases the suspension relative viscosity [Formula: see text], where [Formula: see text] is the suspension viscosity and [Formula: see text] is the suspending fluid viscosity, over the entire range of shear stresses studied. However, under low shear stress conditions, the suspension exhibits an unusual rheological behavior: the minimum viscosity does not occur as expected at [Formula: see text], but instead decreases with further increase of [Formula: see text] to [Formula: see text]. The second normal stress difference [Formula: see text] acts similarly. This behavior is caused by particles ordering into a layered more » structure, as is also reflected by the zero slope with respect to time of the mean-square displacement in the velocity gradient direction. The relative viscosity [Formula: see text] of bidisperse rate-dependent suspensions can be predicted by a power law linking it to [Formula: see text], [Formula: see text] in both low and high shear stress regimes. The agreement between the power law and experimental data from literature demonstrates that the model captures well the effect of particle size distribution, showing that viscosity roughly collapses onto a single master curve when plotted against the reduced volume fraction [Formula: see text]. « less
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Award ID(s):
1916877 1916879
Publication Date:
Journal Name:
Journal of Rheology
Page Range or eLocation-ID:
91 to 104
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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