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Title: Stellar Energetic Particle Transport in the Turbulent and CME-disrupted Stellar Wind of AU Microscopii
Abstract Energetic particles emitted by active stars are likely to propagate in astrospheric magnetized plasma and disrupted by the prior passage of energetic coronal mass ejections (CMEs). We carried out test-particle simulations of ∼GeV protons produced at a variety of distances from the M1Ve star AU Microscopii by coronal flares or traveling shocks. Particles are propagated within a large-scale quiescent three-dimensional magnetic field and stellar wind reconstructed from measured magnetograms, and within the same stellar environment following the passage of a 10 36 erg kinetic energy CME. In both cases, magnetic fluctuations with an isotropic power spectrum are overlayed onto the large-scale stellar magnetic field and particle propagation out to the two innnermost confirmed planets is examined. In the quiescent case, the magnetic field concentrates the particles into two regions near the ecliptic plane. After the passage of the CME, the closed field lines remain inflated and the reshuffled magnetic field remains highly compressed, shrinking the scattering mean free path of the particles. In the direction of propagation of the CME lobes the subsequent energetic particle (EP) flux is suppressed. Even for a CME front propagating out of the ecliptic plane, the EP flux along the planetary orbits highly fluctuates and peaks at ∼2–3 orders of magnitude higher than the average solar value at Earth, both in the quiescent and the post-CME cases.  more » « less
Award ID(s):
1850774
NSF-PAR ID:
10389711
Author(s) / Creator(s):
; ; ; ;
Date Published:
Journal Name:
The Astrophysical Journal
Volume:
937
Issue:
2
ISSN:
0004-637X
Page Range / eLocation ID:
126
Format(s):
Medium: X
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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