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Title: Peatlands and their carbon dynamics in northern high latitudes from 1990 to 2300: a process-based biogeochemistry model analysis
Abstract. Northern peatlands have been a large C sink during the Holocene,but whether they will keep being a C sink under future climate change isuncertain. This study simulates the responses of northern peatlands tofuture climate until 2300 with a Peatland version Terrestrial EcosystemModel (PTEM). The simulations are driven with two sets of CMIP5 climate data(IPSL-CM5A-LR and bcc-csm1-1) under three warming scenarios (RCPs 2.6, 4.5 and8.5). Peatland area expansion, shrinkage, and C accumulation anddecomposition are modeled. In the 21st century, northern peatlands areprojected to be a C source of 1.2–13.3 Pg C under all climate scenariosexcept for RCP 2.6 of bcc-csm1-1 (a sink of 0.8 Pg C). During 2100–2300,northern peatlands under all scenarios are a C source under IPSL-CM5A-LRscenarios, being larger sources than bcc-csm1-1 scenarios (5.9–118.3 vs.0.7–87.6 Pg C). C sources are attributed to (1) the peatland water table depth(WTD) becoming deeper and permafrost thaw increasing decomposition rate; (2) net primary production (NPP) not increasing much as climate warms becausepeat drying suppresses net N mineralization; and (3) as WTD deepens,peatlands switching from moss–herbaceous dominated to moss–woody dominated,while woody plants require more N for productivity. Under IPSL-CM5A-LRscenarios, northern peatlands remain as a C sink until the pan-Arctic annualtemperature reaches −2.6 to −2.89 ∘C, while this threshold is −2.09to −2.35 ∘C under bcc-csm1-1 scenarios. This study predicts anorthern peatland sink-to-source shift in around 2050, earlier than previousestimates of after 2100, and emphasizes the vulnerability of northernpeatlands to climate change.  more » « less
Award ID(s):
1802832
NSF-PAR ID:
10420536
Author(s) / Creator(s):
;
Date Published:
Journal Name:
Biogeosciences
Volume:
20
Issue:
1
ISSN:
1726-4189
Page Range / eLocation ID:
251 to 270
Format(s):
Medium: X
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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