 Award ID(s):
 2206291
 NSFPAR ID:
 10426600
 Date Published:
 Journal Name:
 International Mathematics Research Notices
 ISSN:
 10737928
 Format(s):
 Medium: X
 Sponsoring Org:
 National Science Foundation
More Like this

Abstract This paper studies the structure and stability of boundaries in noncollapsed $${{\,\mathrm{RCD}\,}}(K,N)$$ RCD ( K , N ) spaces, that is, metricmeasure spaces $$(X,{\mathsf {d}},{\mathscr {H}}^N)$$ ( X , d , H N ) with Ricci curvature bounded below. Our main structural result is that the boundary $$\partial X$$ ∂ X is homeomorphic to a manifold away from a set of codimension 2, and is $$N1$$ N  1 rectifiable. Along the way, we show effective measure bounds on the boundary and its tubular neighborhoods. These results are new even for Gromov–Hausdorff limits $$(M_i^N,{\mathsf {d}}_{g_i},p_i) \rightarrow (X,{\mathsf {d}},p)$$ ( M i N , d g i , p i ) → ( X , d , p ) of smooth manifolds with boundary, and require new techniques beyond those needed to prove the analogous statements for the regular set, in particular when it comes to the manifold structure of the boundary $$\partial X$$ ∂ X . The key local result is an $$\varepsilon $$ ε regularity theorem, which tells us that if a ball $$B_{2}(p)\subset X$$ B 2 ( p ) ⊂ X is sufficiently close to a half space $$B_{2}(0)\subset {\mathbb {R}}^N_+$$ B 2 ( 0 ) ⊂ R + N in the Gromov–Hausdorff sense, then $$B_1(p)$$ B 1 ( p ) is biHölder to an open set of $${\mathbb {R}}^N_+$$ R + N . In particular, $$\partial X$$ ∂ X is itself homeomorphic to $$B_1(0^{N1})$$ B 1 ( 0 N  1 ) near $$B_1(p)$$ B 1 ( p ) . Further, the boundary $$\partial X$$ ∂ X is $$N1$$ N  1 rectifiable and the boundary measure "Equation missing" is Ahlfors regular on $$B_1(p)$$ B 1 ( p ) with volume close to the Euclidean volume. Our second collection of results involve the stability of the boundary with respect to noncollapsed mGH convergence $$X_i\rightarrow X$$ X i → X . Specifically, we show a boundary volume convergence which tells us that the $$N1$$ N  1 Hausdorff measures on the boundaries converge "Equation missing" to the limit Hausdorff measure on $$\partial X$$ ∂ X . We will see that a consequence of this is that if the $$X_i$$ X i are boundary free then so is X .more » « less

Abstract Let $\textsf {X}$ and $\textsf {X}^{!}$ be a pair of symplectic varieties dual with respect to 3D mirror symmetry. The $K$theoretic limit of the elliptic duality interface is an equivariant $K$theory class $\mathfrak {m} \in K(\textsf {X}\times \textsf {X}^{!})$. We show that this class provides correspondences $$ \begin{align*} & \Phi_{\mathfrak{m}}: K(\textsf{X}) \leftrightarrows K(\textsf{X}^{!}) \end{align*}$$mapping the $K$theoretic stable envelopes to the $K$theoretic stable envelopes. This construction allows us to relate various representation theoretic objects of $K(\textsf {X})$, such as action of quantum groups, quantum dynamical Weyl groups, $R$matrices, etc., to those for $K(\textsf {X}^{!})$. In particular, we relate the wall $R$matrices of $\textsf {X}$ to the $R$matrices of the dual variety $\textsf {X}^{!}$. As an example, we apply our results to $\textsf {X}=\textrm {Hilb}^{n}({{\mathbb {C}}}^2)$—the Hilbert scheme of $n$ points in the complex plane. In this case, we arrive at the conjectures of Gorsky and Negut from [10].

Abstract Given a sequence $\{Z_d\}_{d\in \mathbb{N}}$ of smooth and compact hypersurfaces in ${\mathbb{R}}^{n1}$, we prove that (up to extracting subsequences) there exists a regular definable hypersurface $\Gamma \subset {\mathbb{R}}\textrm{P}^n$ such that each manifold $Z_d$ is diffeomorphic to a component of the zero set on $\Gamma$ of some polynomial of degree $d$. (This is in sharp contrast with the case when $\Gamma$ is semialgebraic, where for example the homological complexity of the zero set of a polynomial $p$ on $\Gamma$ is bounded by a polynomial in $\deg (p)$.) More precisely, given the above sequence of hypersurfaces, we construct a regular, compact, semianalytic hypersurface $\Gamma \subset {\mathbb{R}}\textrm{P}^{n}$ containing a subset $D$ homeomorphic to a disk, and a family of polynomials $\{p_m\}_{m\in \mathbb{N}}$ of degree $\deg (p_m)=d_m$ such that $(D, Z(p_m)\cap D)\sim ({\mathbb{R}}^{n1}, Z_{d_m}),$ i.e. the zero set of $p_m$ in $D$ is isotopic to $Z_{d_m}$ in ${\mathbb{R}}^{n1}$. This says that, up to extracting subsequences, the intersection of $\Gamma$ with a hypersurface of degree $d$ can be as complicated as we want. We call these ‘pathological examples’. In particular, we show that for every $0 \leq k \leq n2$ and every sequence of natural numbers $a=\{a_d\}_{d\in \mathbb{N}}$ there is a regular, compact semianalytic hypersurface $\Gamma \subset {\mathbb{R}}\textrm{P}^n$, a subsequence $\{a_{d_m}\}_{m\in \mathbb{N}}$ and homogeneous polynomials $\{p_{m}\}_{m\in \mathbb{N}}$ of degree $\deg (p_m)=d_m$ such that (0.1)$$\begin{equation}b_k(\Gamma\cap Z(p_m))\geq a_{d_m}.\end{equation}$$ (Here $b_k$ denotes the $k$th Betti number.) This generalizes a result of Gwoździewicz et al. [13]. On the other hand, for a given definable $\Gamma$ we show that the Fubini–Study measure, in the Gaussian probability space of polynomials of degree $d$, of the set $\Sigma _{d_m,a, \Gamma }$ of polynomials verifying (0.1) is positive, but there exists a constant $c_\Gamma$ such that $$\begin{equation*}0<{\mathbb{P}}(\Sigma_{d_m, a, \Gamma})\leq \frac{c_{\Gamma} d_m^{\frac{n1}{2}}}{a_{d_m}}.\end{equation*}$$ This shows that the set of ‘pathological examples’ has ‘small’ measure (the faster $a$ grows, the smaller the measure and pathologies are therefore rare). In fact we show that given $\Gamma$, for most polynomials a Bézouttype bound holds for the intersection $\Gamma \cap Z(p)$: for every $0\leq k\leq n2$ and $t>0$: $$\begin{equation*}{\mathbb{P}}\left(\{b_k(\Gamma\cap Z(p))\geq t d^{n1} \}\right)\leq \frac{c_\Gamma}{td^{\frac{n1}{2}}}.\end{equation*}$$

Abstract We prove an inequality that unifies previous works of the authors on the properties of the Radon transform on convex bodies including an extension of the Busemann–Petty problem and a slicing inequality for arbitrary functions. Let $K$ and $L$ be star bodies in ${\mathbb R}^n,$ let $0<k<n$ be an integer, and let $f,g$ be nonnegative continuous functions on $K$ and $L$, respectively, so that $\g\_\infty =g(0)=1.$ Then $$\begin{align*} & \frac{\int_Kf}{\left(\int_L g\right)^{\frac{nk}n}K^{\frac kn}} \le \frac n{nk} \left(d_{\textrm{ovr}}(K,\mathcal{B}\mathcal{P}_k^n)\right)^k \max_{H} \frac{\int_{K\cap H} f}{\int_{L\cap H} g}, \end{align*}$$where $K$ stands for volume of proper dimension, $C$ is an absolute constant, the maximum is taken over all $(nk)$dimensional subspaces of ${\mathbb R}^n,$ and $d_{\textrm{ovr}}(K,\mathcal{B}\mathcal{P}_k^n)$ is the outer volume ratio distance from $K$ to the class of generalized $k$intersection bodies in ${\mathbb R}^n.$ Another consequence of this result is a mean value inequality for the Radon transform. We also obtain a generalization of the isomorphic version of the Shephard problem.more » « less

Abstract We obtain new quantitative estimates on Weyl Law remainders under dynamical assumptions on the geodesic flow. On a smooth compact Riemannian manifold ( M , g ) of dimension n , let $$\Pi _\lambda $$ Π λ denote the kernel of the spectral projector for the Laplacian, $$\mathbb {1}_{[0,\lambda ^2]}(\Delta _g)$$ 1 [ 0 , λ 2 ] (  Δ g ) . Assuming only that the set of near periodic geodesics over $${W}\subset M$$ W ⊂ M has small measure, we prove that as $$\lambda \rightarrow \infty $$ λ → ∞ $$\begin{aligned} \int _{{W}} \Pi _\lambda (x,x)dx=(2\pi )^{n}{{\,\textrm{vol}\,}}_{_{{\mathbb {R}}^n}}\!(B){{\,\textrm{vol}\,}}_g({W})\,\lambda ^n+O\Big (\frac{\lambda ^{n1}}{\log \lambda }\Big ), \end{aligned}$$ ∫ W Π λ ( x , x ) d x = ( 2 π )  n vol R n ( B ) vol g ( W ) λ n + O ( λ n  1 log λ ) , where B is the unit ball. One consequence of this result is that the improved remainder holds on all product manifolds, in particular giving improved estimates for the eigenvalue counting function in the product setup. Our results also include logarithmic gains on asymptotics for the offdiagonal spectral projector $$\Pi _\lambda (x,y)$$ Π λ ( x , y ) under the assumption that the set of geodesics that pass near both x and y has small measure, and quantitative improvements for Kuznecov sums under nonlooping type assumptions. The key technique used in our study of the spectral projector is that of geodesic beams.more » « less