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Title: Structural and Thermodynamic Properties of Magnesium-Rich Liquids at Ultrahigh Pressure
We explore the structural properties of Mg, MgO, and MgSiO3 liquids from ab initio computer simulations at conditions that are relevant for the interiors of giant planets, stars, shock compression measurements, and inertial confinement fusion experiments. Using path-integral Monte Carlo and density functional theory molecular dynamics, we derive the equation of state of magnesium-rich liquids in the regime of condensed and warm dense matter, with densities ranging from 0.32 to 86.11 g cm−3 and temperatures from 20,000 K to 5 × 108 K. We study the electronic structure of magnesium as a function of density and temperature and the correlations of the atomic motion, finding an unexpected local maximum in the pair correlation functions that emerges at high densities which decreases the coordination number of elemental magnesium and reveals a higher packing. This phenomenon is not observed in other magnesium liquids, which maintain a rather constant coordination number.  more » « less
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National Science Foundation
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