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Title: Surface Segregation and Self‐Assembly of Block‐Copolymer Separation Layers on Top of Homopolymer Substructures in Asymmetric Ultrafiltration Membranes from a Single Casting Step
Abstract

Surface segregation in blended polymer films has attracted much interest in fundamental research as well as for practical applications. A variety of methodologies have been proposed for controlling surface segregation. They often require long annealing times, however, to achieve thermodynamic equilibrium. Here, a strategy and proof‐of‐principle experiments are described to control surface segregation of thin block‐copolymer (BCP) layers on top of a homopolymer in a single casting step from blended BCP/homopolymer solutions. The surface coverage by the minor constituent BCP (2–10 wt%) is accomplished despite almost identical surface energies of BCP and homopolymer constituents. Immersing this casted solution into water for nonsolvent induced phase separation (NIPS), a nonequilibrium process, affords solidified bilayer ultrafiltration membranes composed of a thin porous surface layer of self‐assembled BCP atop an asymmetric porous homopolymer substructure. Key to successful BCP surface segregation is the choice of a binary solvent system based on careful considerations of solvent surface energies and polymer‐solvent interaction parameters. Furthermore, stabilizing the BCP micellar structure by a divalent metal additive is also essential. The approach provides a cost‐effective method for fabricating bilayer‐type asymmetric ultrafiltration membranes with uniform BCP self‐assembly based selective top surface pore layers in a single casting step.

 
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Award ID(s):
1707836 1719875
NSF-PAR ID:
10449659
Author(s) / Creator(s):
 ;  
Publisher / Repository:
Wiley Blackwell (John Wiley & Sons)
Date Published:
Journal Name:
Advanced Functional Materials
Volume:
31
Issue:
29
ISSN:
1616-301X
Format(s):
Medium: X
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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