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Title: Determinants of community compositional change are equally affected by global change
Abstract

Global change is impacting plant community composition, but the mechanisms underlying these changes are unclear. Using a dataset of 58 global change experiments, we tested the five fundamental mechanisms of community change: changes in evenness and richness, reordering, species gains and losses. We found 71% of communities were impacted by global change treatments, and 88% of communities that were exposed to two or more global change drivers were impacted. Further, all mechanisms of change were equally likely to be affected by global change treatments—species losses and changes in richness were just as common as species gains and reordering. We also found no evidence of a progression of community changes, for example, reordering and changes in evenness did not precede species gains and losses. We demonstrate that all processes underlying plant community composition changes are equally affected by treatments and often occur simultaneously, necessitating a wholistic approach to quantifying community changes.

 
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Award ID(s):
1922915 2021898 2025849 1831944 1637459 1753859 1902712 1929393 1655499 1832042 1922970
NSF-PAR ID:
10450084
Author(s) / Creator(s):
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Publisher / Repository:
Wiley-Blackwell
Date Published:
Journal Name:
Ecology Letters
Volume:
24
Issue:
9
ISSN:
1461-023X
Page Range / eLocation ID:
p. 1892-1904
Format(s):
Medium: X
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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