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Title: r-process Abundance Patterns in the Globular Cluster M92
Abstract

Whereas light-element abundance variations are a hallmark of globular clusters, there is little evidence for variations in neutron-capture elements. A significant exception is M15, which shows a star-to-star dispersion in neutron-capture abundances of at least one order of magnitude. The literature contains evidence both for and against a neutron-capture dispersion in M92. We conducted an analysis of archival Keck/HIRES spectra of 35 stars in M92, 29 of which are giants, which we use exclusively for our conclusions. M92 conforms to the abundance variations typical of massive clusters. Like other globular clusters, its neutron-capture abundances were generated by ther-process. We confirm a star-to-star dispersion inr-process abundances. Unlike M15, the dispersion is limited to “first-generation” (low-Na, high-Mg) stars, and the dispersion is smaller for Sr, Y, and Zr than for Ba and the lanthanides. This is the first detection of a relation between light-element and neutron-capture abundances in a globular cluster. We propose that a source of the mainr-process polluted the cluster shortly before or concurrently with the first generation of star formation. The heavierr-process abundances were inhomogeneously distributed while the first-generation stars were forming. The second-generation stars formed after several crossing times (∼0.8 Myr); hence, the second generation shows nor-process dispersion. This scenario imposes a minimum temporal separation of 0.8 Myr between the first and second generations.

 
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NSF-PAR ID:
10473568
Author(s) / Creator(s):
; ;
Publisher / Repository:
DOI PREFIX: 10.3847
Date Published:
Journal Name:
The Astrophysical Journal
Volume:
958
Issue:
1
ISSN:
0004-637X
Format(s):
Medium: X Size: Article No. 45
Size(s):
Article No. 45
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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