skip to main content

Title: High-pressure induced Weyl semimetal phase in 2D Tellurium

Relativistic Weyl fermion quasiparticles in Weyl semimetal bring the electron’s chirality degree of freedom into the electrical transport and give rise to exotic phenomena. A topological phase transition from a topological trivial phase to a topological non-trivial phase offers a route to control electronic devices through its topological properties. Here, we report the Weyl semimetal phase in hydrothermally grown two-dimensional Tellurium (2D Te) induced by high hydrostatic pressure (up to 2.47 GPa). The unique chiral crystal structure gives rise to chiral fermions with different topological chiral charges ($${{C}}=-{{1}},+{{1}},{{and}}-{{2}}$$C=1,+1,and2). The highly tunable chemical potential in 2D Te provides comprehensive information for understanding the pressure-dependent electron band structure. The pressure-induced insulator-to-metal transition, two-carrier transport, and the non-trivial π Berry phase shift in quantum oscillations are observed in the 2D Te Weyl semimetal phase. Our work demonstrates the pressure-induced bandgap closing in the inversion asymmetric narrow bandgap semiconductor 2D Te.

more » « less
Award ID(s):
Author(s) / Creator(s):
; ; ; ; ; ; ;
Publisher / Repository:
Nature Publishing Group
Date Published:
Journal Name:
Communications Physics
Medium: X
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
More Like this
  1. Abstract

    The intrinsic magnetic topological insulator, Mn(Bi1−xSbx)2Te4, has been identified as a Weyl semimetal with a single pair of Weyl nodes in its spin-aligned strong-field configuration. A direct consequence of the Weyl state is the layer dependent Chern number,$$C$$C. Previous reports in MnBi2Te4thin films have shown higher$$C$$Cstates either by increasing the film thickness or controlling the chemical potential. A clear picture of the higher Chern states is still lacking as data interpretation is further complicated by the emergence of surface-band Landau levels under magnetic fields. Here, we report a tunable layer-dependent$$C$$C = 1 state with Sb substitution by performing a detailed analysis of the quantization states in Mn(Bi1−xSbx)2Te4dual-gated devices—consistent with calculations of the bulk Weyl point separation in the doped thin films. The observed Hall quantization plateaus for our thicker Mn(Bi1−xSbx)2Te4films under strong magnetic fields can be interpreted by a theory of surface and bulk spin-polarised Landau level spectra in thin film magnetic topological insulators.

    more » « less
  2. Abstract

    The anomalous Hall effect (AHE), typically observed in ferromagnetic (FM) metals with broken time-reversal symmetry, depends on electronic and magnetic properties. In Co3Sn2-xInxS2, a giant AHE has been attributed to Berry curvature associated with the FM Weyl semimetal phase, yet recent studies report complicated magnetism. We use neutron scattering to determine the spin dynamics and structures as a function ofxand provide a microscopic understanding of the AHE and magnetism interplay. Spin gap and stiffness indicate a contribution from Weyl fermions consistent with the AHE. The magnetic structure evolves fromc-axis ferromagnetism at$$x = 0$$x=0to a canted antiferromagnetic (AFM) structure with reducedc-axis moment and in-plane AFM order at$$x = 0.12$$x=0.12and further reducedc-axis FM moment at$$x = 0.3$$x=0.3. Since noncollinear spins can induce non-zero Berry curvature in real space acting as a fictitious magnetic field, our results revealed another AHE contribution, establishing the impact of magnetism on transport.

    more » « less
  3. Abstract

    Broken symmetries in topological condensed matter systems have implications for the spectrum of Fermionic excitations confined on surfaces or topological defects. The Fermionic spectrum of confined (quasi-2D)3He-A consists of branches of chiral edge states. The negative energy states are related to the ground-state angular momentum,Lz=(N/2), forN/2Cooper pairs. The power law suppression of the angular momentum,Lz(T)(N/2)[123(πT/Δ)2]for0TTc, in the fully gapped 2D chiral A-phase reflects the thermal excitation of the chiral edge Fermions. We discuss the effects of wave function overlap, and hybridization between edge states confined near opposing edge boundaries on the edge currents, ground-state angular momentum and ground-state order parameter of superfluid3He thin films. Under strong lateral confinement, the chiral A phase undergoes a sequence of phase transitions, first to a pair density wave (PDW) phase with broken translational symmetry atDc216ξ0. The PDW phase is described by a periodic array of chiral domains with alternating chirality, separated by domain walls. The period of PDW phase diverges as the confinement lengthDDc2. The PDW phase breaks time-reversal symmetry, translation invariance, but is invariant under the combination of time-reversal and translation by a one-half period of the PDW. The mass current distribution of the PDW phase reflects this combined symmetry, and originates from the spectra of edge Fermions and the chiral branches bound to the domain walls. Under sufficiently strong confinement a second-order transition occurs to the non-chiral ‘polar phase’ atDc19ξ0, in which a single p-wave orbital state of Cooper pairs is aligned along the channel.

    more » « less
  4. Abstract

    The crystal structure and bonding environment of K2Ca(CO3)2bütschliite were probed under isothermal compression via Raman spectroscopy to 95 GPa and single crystal and powder X-ray diffraction to 12 and 68 GPa, respectively. A second order Birch-Murnaghan equation of state fit to the X-ray data yields a bulk modulus,$${K}_{0}=46.9$$K0=46.9GPa with an imposed value of$${K}_{0}^{\prime}= 4$$K0=4for the ambient pressure phase. Compression of bütschliite is highly anisotropic, with contraction along thec-axis accounting for most of the volume change. Bütschliite undergoes a phase transition to a monoclinicC2/mstructure at around 6 GPa, mirroring polymorphism within isostructural borates. A fit to the compression data of the monoclinic phase yields$${V}_{0}=322.2$$V0=322.2 Å3$$,$$,$${K}_{0}=24.8$$K0=24.8GPa and$${K}_{0}^{\prime}=4.0$$K0=4.0using a third order fit; the ability to access different compression mechanisms gives rise to a more compressible material than the low-pressure phase. In particular, compression of theC2/mphase involves interlayer displacement and twisting of the [CO3] units, and an increase in coordination number of the K+ion. Three more phase transitions, at ~ 28, 34, and 37 GPa occur based on the Raman spectra and powder diffraction data: these give rise to new [CO3] bonding environments within the structure.

    more » « less
  5. Abstract

    We report a transport study on Pd3In7which displays multiple Dirac type-II nodes in its electronic dispersion. Pd3In7is characterized by low residual resistivities and high mobilities, which are consistent with Dirac-like quasiparticles. For an applied magnetic field (μ0H) having a non-zero component along the electrical current, we find a large, positive, and linear inμ0Hlongitudinal magnetoresistivity (LMR). The sign of the LMR and its linear dependence deviate from the behavior reported for the chiral-anomaly-driven LMR in Weyl semimetals. Interestingly, such anomalous LMR is consistent with predictions for the role of the anomaly in type-II Weyl semimetals. In contrast, the transverse or conventional magnetoresistivity (CMR for electric fieldsEμ0H) is large and positive, increasing by 103−104% as a function ofμ0Hwhile following an anomalous, angle-dependent power law$${\rho }_{{{{\rm{xx}}}}}\propto {({\mu }_{0}H)}^{n}$$ρxx(μ0H)nwithn(θ) ≤ 1. The order of magnitude of the CMR, and its anomalous power-law, is explained in terms of uncompensated electron and hole-like Fermi surfaces characterized by anisotropic carrier scattering likely due to the lack of Lorentz invariance.

    more » « less