skip to main content


Title: A new window Clause for SQL++
Abstract

Window queries are important analytical tools for ordered data and have been researched both in streaming and stored data environments. By incorporating ideas for window queries from existing streaming and stored data systems, we propose a new window syntax that makes a wide range of window queries easier to write and optimize. We have implemented this new window syntax in SQL++, an SQL extension that supports querying semistructured data, on top of AsterixDB, a Big Data Management System, thus allowing us to process window queries over large datasets in a parallel and efficient manner.

 
more » « less
Award ID(s):
1925610
NSF-PAR ID:
10480762
Author(s) / Creator(s):
; ; ;
Publisher / Repository:
Springer Science + Business Media
Date Published:
Journal Name:
The VLDB Journal
Volume:
33
Issue:
3
ISSN:
1066-8888
Format(s):
Medium: X Size: p. 595-623
Size(s):
["p. 595-623"]
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
More Like this
  1. Electronic medical records (EMR) contain comprehensive patient information and are typically stored in a relational database with multiple tables. Effective and efficient patient information retrieval from EMR data is a challenging task for medical experts. Question-to-SQL generation methods tackle this problem by first predicting the SQL query for a given question about a database, and then, executing the query on the database. However, most of the existing approaches have not been adapted to the healthcare domain due to a lack of healthcare Question-to-SQL dataset for learning models specific to this domain. In addition, wide use of the abbreviation of terminologies and possible typos in questions introduce additional challenges for accurately generating the corresponding SQL queries. In this paper, we tackle these challenges by developing a deep learning based TRanslate-Edit Model for Question-to-SQL (TREQS) generation, which adapts the widely used sequence-to-sequence model to directly generate the SQL query for a given question, and further performs the required edits using an attentive-copying mechanism and task-specific look-up tables. Based on the widely used publicly available electronic medical database, we create a new large-scale Question-SQL pair dataset, named MIMICSQL, in order to perform the Question-to-SQL generation task in healthcare domain. An extensive set of experiments are conducted to evaluate the performance of our proposed model on MIMICSQL. Both quantitative and qualitative experimental results indicate the flexibility and efficiency of our proposed method in predicting condition values and its robustness to random questions with abbreviations and typos. 
    more » « less
  2. null (Ed.)
    We analyze the submissions of 286 students as they solved Structured Query Language (SQL) homework assignments for an upper-level databases course. Databases and the ability to query them are becoming increasingly essential for not only computer scientists but also business professionals, scientists, and anyone who needs to make data-driven decisions. Despite the increasing importance of SQL and databases, little research has documented student difficulties in learning SQL. We replicate and extend prior studies of students' difficulties with learning SQL. Students worked on and submitted their homework through an online learning management system with support for autograding of code. Students received immediate feedback on the correctness of their solutions and had approximately a week to finish writing eight to ten queries. We categorized student submissions by the type of error, or lack thereof, that students made, and whether the student was eventually able to construct a correct query. Like prior work, we find that the majority of student mistakes are syntax errors. In contrast with the conclusions of prior work, we find that some students are never able to resolve these syntax errors to create valid queries. Additionally, we find that students struggle the most when they need to write SQL queries related to GROUP BY and correlated subqueries. We suggest implications for instruction and future research. 
    more » « less
  3. With recent advancements, large language models (LLMs) such as ChatGPT and Bard have shown the potential to disrupt many industries, from customer service to healthcare. Traditionally, humans interact with geospatial data through software (e.g., ArcGIS 10.3) and programming languages (e.g., Python). As a pioneer study, we explore the possibility of using an LLM as an interface to interact with geospatial datasets through natural language. To achieve this, we also propose a framework to (1) train an LLM to understand the datasets, (2) generate geospatial SQL queries based on a natural language question, (3) send the SQL query to the backend database, (4) parse the database response back to human language. As a proof of concept, a case study was conducted on real-world data to evaluate its performance on various queries. The results show that LLMs can be accurate in generating SQL code for most cases, including spatial joins, although there is still room for improvement. As all geospatial data can be stored in a spatial database, we hope that this framework can serve as a proxy to improve the efficiency of spatial data analyses and unlock the possibility of automated geospatial analytics.

     
    more » « less
  4. null (Ed.)
    Analytic workloads on terabyte data-sets are often run in the cloud, where application and storage servers are separate and connected via network. In order to saturate the storage bandwidth and to hide the long storage latency, such a solution requires an expensive server cluster with sufficient aggregate DRAM capacity and hardware threads. An alternative solution is to push the query computation into storage servers. In this paper we present an in-storage Analytics QUery Offloading MAchiNe (AQUOMAN) to “offload” most SQL operators, including multi-way joins, to SSDs. AQUOMAN executes Table Tasks, which apply a static dataflow graph of SQL operators to relational tables to produce an output table. Table Tasks use a streaming computation model, which allows AQUOMAN to process queries with a reasonable amount of DRAM for intermediate results. AQUOMAN is a general analytic query processor, which can be integrated in the database software stack transparently. We have built a prototype of AQUOMAN in FPGAs, and using TPC-H benchmarks on 1TB data sets, shown that a single instance of 1TB AQUOMAN disk, on average, can free up 70% CPU cycles and reduce DRAM usage by 60%. One way to visualize this saving is to think that if we run queries sequentially and ignore inter-query page cache reuse, MonetDB running on a 4-core, 16GB-DRAM machine with AQUOMAN augmented SSDs performs, on average, as well as a MonetDB running on a 32-core, 128GB-DRAM machine with standard SSDs. 
    more » « less
  5. Software projects produce large quantities of data such as feature requests, requirements, design artifacts, source code, tests, safety cases, release plans, and bug reports. If leveraged effectively, this data can be used to provide project intelligence that supports diverse software engineering activities such as release planning, impact analysis, and software analytics. However, project stakeholders often lack skills to formulate complex queries needed to retrieve, manipulate, and display the data in meaningful ways. To address these challenges we introduce TiQi, a natural language interface, which allows users to express software-related queries verbally or written in natural language. TiQi is a web-based tool. It visualizes available project data as a prompt to the user, accepts Natural Language (NL) queries, transforms those queries into SQL, and then executes the queries against a centralized or distributed database. Raw data is stored either directly in the database or retrieved dynamically at runtime from case tools and repositories such as Github and Jira. The transformed query is visualized back to the user as SQL and augmented UML, and raw data results are returned. Our tool demo can be found on YouTube at the following link:http://tinyurl.com/TIQIDemo. 
    more » « less