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Title: Soil greenhouse gas flux and nitrogen mineralization following manure application from tannin‐fed dairy cows
Abstract

Growing concerns about environmental impacts of dairy farms have driven producers to address greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and nitrogen (N) losses from soil following land application of dairy manure. Tannin dietary additives have proved to be a successful intervention for mitigating GHG and ammonia (NH3) emissions at the barn scale. However, it is unknown how land application of dairy manure from cows fed tannin diets affects crop–soil nitrogen dynamics and soil GHG flux. To test this, cows were fed diets at three levels of tannins (0.0%, 0.4%, and 1.8% of dry matter intake) and their manure was field applied at two N rates (240 and 360 kg N ha−1). Soil NH4+‐N, NO3‐N, corn silage yield, and soil GHG flux were then measured over a full growing season. Soils amended with tannin manure had lower initial NH4+‐N concentrations and lower total mineral N (NH4+‐N + NO3‐N) concentrations 19 days after application, compared to soils amended with no tannin manures. Despite lower early season N availability in tannin‐fertilized plots, there were no differences in corn silage yield. No differences in soil GHG and NH3emissions were observed between manure‐amended treatments. These results demonstrate that while tannin addition to dairy cow feed does not offer short‐term GHG or NH3emissions reductions after field manure application, it can promote slower soil N mineralization that may reduce reactive N loss after initial application.

 
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NSF-PAR ID:
10481107
Author(s) / Creator(s):
 ;  ;  ;  ;  ;  ;  
Publisher / Repository:
Wiley Blackwell (John Wiley & Sons)
Date Published:
Journal Name:
Journal of Environmental Quality
Volume:
53
Issue:
1
ISSN:
0047-2425
Format(s):
Medium: X Size: p. 12-22
Size(s):
["p. 12-22"]
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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Data for nitrogen leached and volume-wtd mean N concentration shown in Figure 3a and Figure 3b, respectively. Note that ammonium (nh4) concentration were much lower and often undetectable (<0.07 milliGrams_N_Per_Liter). Also note that in 2009 and 2010 crop-years, data from some replicates are missing.    Variate    Description crop    “corn” “switchgrass” “miscanthus” “nativegrass” “restored prairie” “poplar” crop-year    year of the observation replicate    each crop has four replicated plots, R1, R2, R3 and R4 no3 leached    annual leaching rates of nitrate (kiloGrams_N_Per_Hectare) don leached    annual leaching rates of don (kiloGrams_N_Per_Hectare) vol-wtd no3 conc.    Volume-weighted mean no3 concentration (milliGrams_N_Per_Liter) vol-wtd don conc.    Volume-weighted mean don concentration (milliGrams_N_Per_Liter) 5. 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Variate    Description crop    “corn” “switchgrass” “miscanthus” “nativegrass” “restored prairie” “poplar” date    date of the observation (mm/dd/yyyy) replicate    each crop has four replicated plots, R1, R2, R3 and R4 nh4 conc    nh4 concentration (milliGrams_N_Per_Liter) no3 conc    no3 concentration (milliGrams_N_Per_Liter)   9. Spreadsheet: correlations_don VS no3_doc VS don Description: Correlations of don and nitrate concentrations (milliGrams_N_Per_Liter); and doc (milliGrams_Per_Liter) and don concentrations (milliGrams_N_Per_Liter) in the leachate samples of corn, switchgrass, miscanthus, native grass, restored prairie and poplar plots in Great Lakes Bioenergy Research Center (GLBRC) Biomass Cropping System Experiment (BCSE) during 2013-2015. Data of correlation of don and nitrate concentrations shown in Figure S4 a and doc and don concentrations shown in Figure S4 b. 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