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Title: A deep dive into microphone hardware for recording collaborative group work
Classroom environments are challenging for artificially intelligent agents primarily because classroom noise dilutes the interpretability and usefulness of gathered data. This problem is exacerbated when groups of students participate in collaborative problem solving (CPS). Here, we examine how well six popular microphones capture audio from individual groups. A primary usage of audio data is automatic speech recognition (ASR), therefore we evaluate our recordings by examining the accuracy of downstream ASR using the Google Cloud Platform. We simultaneously captured the audio of all microphones for 11 unique groups of three participants first reading a prepared script, and then participating in a collaborative problem solving exercise. We vary participants, noise conditions, and speech contexts. Transcribed speech was evaluated using word error rate (WER). We find that scripted speech is transcribed with a surprisingly high degree of accuracy across groups (average WER = 0.114, SD = 0.044). However, the CPS task was much more difficult (average WER = 0.570, SD = 0.143). We found most microphones were robust to background noise below a certain threshold, but the AT-Cardioid and ProCon microphones were more robust to higher noise levels. Finally, an analysis of errors revealed that most errors were due to the ASR missing words/phrases, rather than mistranscribing them. We conclude with recommendations based on our observations.  more » « less
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Mitrovic, Antonija; Bosch, Nigel
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Educational Data Mining Conference
Medium: X
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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