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  1. Free, publicly-accessible full text available January 1, 2025
  2. Free, publicly-accessible full text available July 1, 2024
  3. Multiuser MIMO (MU-MIMO) technologies can help provide rapidly growing needs for high data rates in modern wireless networks. Co-channel interference (CCI) among users in the same resource-sharing group (RSG) presents a serious user scheduling challenge to achieve high overall MU-MIMO capacity. Since CCI is closely related to correlation among spatial user channels, it would be natural to schedule co-channel user groups with low inter-user channel correlation. Yet, establishing RSGs with low co-channel correlations for large user populations is an NP-hard problem. More practically, user scheduling for wideband channels exhibiting distinct channel characteristics in each frequency band remains an open question. In this work, we proposed a novel wideband user grouping and scheduling algorithm named SC-MS. The proposed SC-MS algorithm first leverages spectral clustering to obtain a preliminary set of user groups. Next, we apply a post-processing step to identify user cliques from the preliminary groups to further mitigate CCI. Our last step groups users into RSGs for scheduling such that the sum of user clique sizes across the multiple frequency bands is maximized. Simulation results demonstrate network performance gain over benchmark methods in terms of sum rate and fairness. 
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  4. This work formulates a collaborative decision making framework that exploits over-the-air computation to efficiently aggregate soft information from distributed sensors. This new AirCompFDM protocol approximates the sufficient statistic (SS) of optimum binary hypothesis testing at a server node in this distributed sensing environment under different operation constraints. Leveraging pre/post-processing functions on over-the-air aggregation of sensor log-likelihood ratios, AirCompFDM significantly improves bandwidth efficiency with little detection loss, even from modest numbers of participating sensors and imperfect phase pre-compensation. Without phase pre-compensation, the benefit of over-the-air sensor aggregation diminishes but still can mitigate the effect of channel noise. Importantly, AirCompFDM outperforms the traditional bandwidth hungry polling scheme, even under low SNR. Furthermore, we analyze the Chernoff information and obtain the approximate effect of sensor aggregation on the probability of detection error that can help develop advanced detection strategies. 
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  5. Massive MIMO systems can achieve high spectrum and energy efficiency in downlink (DL) based on accurate estimate of channel state information (CSI). Existing works have developed learning-based DL CSI estimation that lowers uplink feedback overhead. One often overlooked problem is the limited number of DL pilots available for CSI estimation. One proposed solution leverages temporal CSI coherence by utilizing past CSI estimates and only sending CSI-reference symbols (CSIRS) for partial arrays to preserve CSI recovery performance. Exploiting CSI correlations, FDD channel reciprocity is helpful to base stations with direct access to uplink CSI. In this work, we propose a new learning-based feedback architecture and a reconfigurable CSI-RS placement scheme to reduce DL CSI training overhead and to improve encoding efficiency of CSI feedback. Our results demonstrate superior performance in both indoor and outdoor scenarios by the proposed framework for CSI recovery at substantial reduction of computation power and storage requirements at UEs. 
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  6. Wireless links using massive MIMO transceivers are vital for next generation wireless communications networks. Precoding in Massive MIMO transmission requires accurate downlink channel state information (CSI). Many recent works have effectively applied deep learning (DL) to jointly train UE-side compression networks for delay domain CSI and a BS-side decoding scheme. Vitally, these works assume that the full delay domain CSI is available at the UE, but in reality, the UE must estimate the delay domain based on a limited number of frequency domain pilots. In this work, we propose a linear pilot-to-delay estimator (P2DE) that acquires the truncated delay CSI via sparse frequency pilots. We show the accuracy of the P2DE under frequency downsampling, and we demonstrate the P2DE’s efficacy when utilized with existing CSI estimation networks. Additionally, we propose to use trainable compressed sensing (CS) networks in a differential encoding network for time-varying CSI estimation, and we propose a new network, MarkovNet-ISTA-ENet (MN-IE), which combines a CS network for initial CSI estimation and multiple autoencoders to estimate the error terms. We demonstrate that MN-IE has better asymptotic performance than networks comprised of only one type of network. 
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