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Creators/Authors contains: "Jiang, Ruoyu"

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  1. Abstract

    Autologous cell therapy depends on T lymphocyte expansion efficiency and is hindered by suboptimal interactions between T cell receptors (TCR) and peptide‐MHC molecules. Various artificial antigen presenting cell systems that enhance these interactions are often labor‐intensive, fabrication costly, highly variable, and potentially unscalable toward clinical setting. Here, 3D centrifugation‐enabled priming of T cell immune‐synapse junctions is performed to generate tight T cell–Dynabead aggregates at a rate 200‐fold faster than that of conventional 24‐h bulk shaking. Furthermore, by forming T cell–Dynabead aggregates in the starting culture, two‐ to sixfold greater T cell expansion is achieved over conventional T cell expansion for cancer patient‐derived primary T cells while limiting over‐activation. Creating 3D T cell–Dynabead aggregates as the “booster” material enables highly efficient polyclonal T cell expansion without the need for complex surface modification of artificial antigen‐presenting cells (APCs). This method can be modularly adapted to existing T cell expansion processes for various applications, including adoptive cell therapies (ACTs).

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    Free, publicly-accessible full text available December 1, 2024
  2. Wheeler, A. (Ed.)

    We introduce μVAST, a high-throughput acoustic microstreaming platform using second-order microstreaming to induce fluid transport and measure the viscosity of 16 samples, automating process flows in drug development, materials manufacturing and production.

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  3. null (Ed.)
    We demonstrate a label free and high-throughput microbubble-based acoustic microstreaming technique to isolate rare circulating cells such as circulating cancer associated fibroblasts (cCAFs) in addition to circulating tumor cells (CTCs) and immune cells ( i.e. leukocytes) from clinically diagnosed patients with a capture efficiency of 94% while preserving cell functional integrity within 8 minutes. The microfluidic device is self-pumping and was optimized to increase flow rate and achieve near perfect capturing of rare cells enabled by having a trapping capacity above the acoustic vortex saturation concentration threshold. Our approach enables rapid isolation of CTCs, cCAFs and their associated clusters from blood samples of cancer patients at different stages. By examining the combined role of cCAFs and CTCs in early cancer onset and metastasis progression, the device accurately diagnoses both cancer and the metastatic propensity of breast cancer patients. This was confirmed by flow cytometry where we observed that metastatic breast cancer blood samples had significantly higher percentage of exhausted CD8 + T cells expressing programmed cell death protein 1 (PD1), higher number of CD4 + T regulatory cells and T helper cells. We show for the first time that our lateral cavity acoustic transducers (LCATs)-based approach can thus be developed into a metastatic propensity assay for clinical usage by elucidating cancer immunological responses and the complex relationships between CTCs and its companion tumor microenvironment. 
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  4. null (Ed.)
    We present an integrated microfluidic chip capable of label-free isolation of three major subpopulations of white blood cells (WBCs) (lymphocytes, monocytes and granulocytes) from undiluted whole blood. The proposed system accomplishes 3-part differential sorting of WBCs by: (1) On-chip lysis of RBCs from the blood sample, and (2) Downstream isolation of lymphocytes, monocytes and granulocytes using dielectrophoresis (DEP) technology. 
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  5. Abstract

    A high‐throughput non‐viral intracellular delivery platform is introduced for the transfection of large cargos with dosage‐control. This platform, termed Acoustic‐Electric Shear Orbiting Poration (AESOP), optimizes the delivery of intended cargo sizes with poration of the cell membranes via mechanical shear followed by the modulated expansion of these nanopores via electric field. Furthermore, AESOP utilizes acoustic microstreaming vortices wherein up to millions of cells are trapped and mixed uniformly with exogenous cargos, enabling the delivery of cargos into cells with targeted dosages. Intracellular delivery of a wide range of molecule sizes (<1 kDa to 2 MDa) with high efficiency (>90%), cell viability (>80%), and uniform dosages (<60% coefficient of variation (CV)) simultaneously into 1 million cells min−1per single chip is demonstrated. AESOP is successfully applied to two gene editing applications that require the delivery of large plasmids: i) enhanced green fluorescent protein (eGFP) plasmid (6.1 kbp) transfection, and ii) clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR)‐Cas9‐mediated gene knockout using a 9.3 kbp plasmid DNA encoding Cas9 protein and single guide RNA (sgRNA). Compared to alternative platforms, this platform offers dosage‐controlled intracellular delivery of large plasmids simultaneously to large populations of cells while maintaining cell viability at comparable delivery efficiencies.

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