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  1. We explain the Lorentz resonances in plasmonic crystals that consist of two-dimensional nano-dielectric inclusions as the interaction between resonant material properties and geometric resonances of electrostatic nature. One example of such plasmonic crystals are graphene nanosheets that are periodically arranged within a non-magnetic bulk dielectric. We identify local geometric resonances on the length scale of the small-scale period. From a materials perspective, the graphene surface exhibits a dispersive surface conductance captured by the Drude model. Together these phenomena conspire to generate Lorentz resonances at frequencies controlled by the surface geometry and the surface conductance. The Lorentz resonances found in themore »frequency response of the effective dielectric tensor of the bulk metamaterial are shown to be given by an explicit formula, in which material properties and geometric resonances are decoupled. This formula is rigorous and obtained directly from corrector fields describing local electrostatic fields inside the heterogeneous structure. Our analytical findings can serve as an efficient computational tool to describe the general frequency dependence of periodic optical devices. As a concrete example, we investigate two prototypical geometries composed of nanotubes and nanoribbons.« less
    Free, publicly-accessible full text available December 1, 2022
  2. Free, publicly-accessible full text available January 1, 2023
  3. Online repository: https://speautomotive.com/acce-conference/2021-acce-papers-and-program-guides/ and also on: arXiv:2204.00909. Abstract: While welding of thermoplastic composites (TPCs) is a promising rivetless method to reduce weight, higher confidence in joints’ structural integrity and failure prediction must be achieved for widespread use in industry. In this work, we present an innovative study on damage detection for ultrasonically welded TPC joints with multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) and embedded buckypaper films. MWCNTs show promise for structural health monitoring (SHM) of composite joints, assembled by adhesive bonding or fusion bonding, through electrical resistance changes. This study focuses on investigating multifunctional films and their suitability for ultrasonic welding (USW)more »of TPCs, using two approaches: 1) MWCNT-filled polypropylene (PP) nanocomposites prepared via solvent dispersion, and 2) high conductivity MWCNT buckypaper embedded between PP films by hot pressing. Nanocomposite formulations containing 5 wt% and 10 wt% MWCNTs were synthesized using solvent dispersion method, followed by compression molding to manufacture films. The effect of MWCNT concentration on electrical and dynamic mechanical behavior of multifunctional films was examined with a Sourcemeter and Dynamic Mechanical Analyzer, and a comparison was made between 5 - 20 wt% MWCNT/PP films based on previous research. Glass fiber/polypropylene (GF/PP) composite joints were ultrasonically welded in a single lap shear configuration using buckypaper and MWCNT/PP films. Furthermore, electrical resistance measurements were carried out for joints under bending loads. It was observed that 15 wt% and 20 wt% MWCNT/PP films had higher stability and sensitivity for resistance response than embedded buckypaper and films with low MWCNT contents, demonstrating their suitability for USW and potential for SHM.« less
    Free, publicly-accessible full text available November 4, 2022
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  7. https://jmlr.org/papers/ v22/18-780