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  1. Free, publicly-accessible full text available November 1, 2023
  2. Deep learning (DL) algorithms have achieved significantly high performance in object detection tasks. At the same time, augmented reality (AR) techniques are transforming the ways that we work and connect with people. With the increasing popularity of online and hybrid learning, we propose a new framework for improving students’ learning experiences with electrical engineering lab equipment by incorporating the abovementioned technologies. The DL powered automatic object detection component integrated into the AR application is designed to recognize equipment such as multimeter, oscilloscope, wave generator, and power supply. A deep neural network model, namely MobileNet-SSD v2, is implemented for equipment detection using TensorFlow’s object detection API. When a piece of equipment is detected, the corresponding AR-based tutorial will be displayed on the screen. The mean average precision (mAP) of the developed equipment detection model is 81.4%, while the average recall of the model is 85.3%. Furthermore, to demonstrate practical application of the proposed framework, we develop a multimeter tutorial where virtual models are superimposed on real multimeters. The tutorial includes images and web links as well to help users learn more effectively. The Unity3D game engine is used as the primary development tool for this tutorial to integrate DL and ARmore »frameworks and create immersive scenarios. The proposed framework can be a useful foundation for AR and machine-learning-based frameworks for industrial and educational training.« less
  3. Recent studies have shown that fringe-adjusted joint transform correlation (FJTC) can be effectively applied for single class and even multiclass object detection in hyperspectral imagery (HSI). However, directly utilizing FJTC based techniques for HSI processing may not be efficient due to the fact that HSI may contain a large volume of data redundancy. Therefore, incorporating dimensionality reduction (DR) methods prior to the object detection procedure is suggested. In this paper, we combine several DRs individually with class-associative spectral FJTC (CSFJTC), and then compare their performance on single class and multiclass object detection tasks using a real-world hyperspectral data set. Test results show that the CSFJTC with denoising autoencoder provides superior performance compared to the alternate methods for detecting few dissimilar patterns in the scene.