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Abstract We consider two types of the generalized Korteweg–de Vries equation, where the nonlinearity is given with or without absolute values, and, in particular, including the low powers of nonlinearity, an example of which is the Schamel equation. We first prove the local wellposedness of both equations in a weighted subspace of H 1 that includes functions with polynomial decay, extending the result of Linares et al (2019 Commun. Contemp. Math. 21 1850056) to fractional weights. We then investigate solutions numerically, confirming the wellposedness and extending it to a wider class of functions that includes exponential decay. We include a comparison of solutions to both types of equations, in particular, we investigate soliton resolution for the positive and negative data with different decay rates. Finally, we study the interaction of various solitary waves in both models, showing the formation of solitons, dispersive radiation and even breathers, all of which are easier to track in nonlinearities with lower power.more » « less

We investigate the wellposedness in the generalized Hartree equation [Formula: see text], [Formula: see text], [Formula: see text], for low powers of nonlinearity, [Formula: see text]. We establish the local wellposedness for a class of data in weighted Sobolev spaces, following ideas of Cazenave and Naumkin, Local existence, global existence, and scattering for the nonlinear Schrödinger equation, Comm. Contemp. Math. 19(2) (2017) 1650038. This crucially relies on the boundedness of the Riesz transform in weighted Lebesgue spaces. As a consequence, we obtain a class of data that exists globally, moreover, scatters in positive time. Furthermore, in the focusing case in the [Formula: see text]supercritical setting we obtain a subset of locally wellposed data with positive energy, which blows up in finite time.more » « less

We study the focusing NLS equation in $R\mathbb{R}^N$ in the masssupercritical and energysubcritical (or intercritical ) regime, with $H^1$ data at the massenergy threshold $\mathcal{ME}(u_0)=\mathcal{ME}(Q)$, where Q is the ground state. Previously, Duyckaerts–Merle studied the behavior of threshold solutions in the $H^1$critical case, in dimensions $N = 3, 4, 5$, later generalized by Li–Zhang for higher dimensions. In the intercritical case, Duyckaerts–Roudenko studied the threshold problem for the 3d cubic NLS equation. In this paper, we generalize the results of Duyckaerts–Roudenko for any dimension and any power of the nonlinearity for the entire intercritical range. We show the existence of special solutions, $Q^\pm$, besides the standing wave $e^{it}Q$, which exponentially approach the standing wave in the positive time direction, but differ in its behavior for negative time. We classify solutions at the threshold level, showing either blowup occurs in finite (positive and negative) time, or scattering in both time directions, or the solution is equal to one of the three special solutions above, up to symmetries. Our proof extends to the $H^1$critical case, thus, giving an alternative proof of the Li–Zhang result and unifying the critical and intercritical cases. These results are obtained by studying the linearized equation around the standing wave and some tailored approximate solutions to the NLS equation. We establish important decay properties of functions associated to the spectrum of the linearized Schrödinger operator, which, in combination with modulational stability and coercivity for the linearized operator on special subspaces, allows us to use a fixedpoint argument to show the existence of special solutions. Finally, we prove the uniqueness by studying exponentially decaying solutions to a sequence of linearized equations.more » « less

Abstract We study the focusing stochastic nonlinear Schrödinger equation in 1D in the $L^2$critical and supercritical cases with an additive or multiplicative perturbation driven by spacetime white noise. Unlike the deterministic case, the Hamiltonian (or energy) is not conserved in the stochastic setting nor is the mass (or the $L^2$norm) conserved in the additive case. Therefore, we investigate the time evolution of these quantities. After that, we study the influence of noise on the global behaviour of solutions. In particular, we show that the noise may induce blow up, thus ceasing the global existence of the solution, which otherwise would be global in the deterministic setting. Furthermore, we study the effect of the noise on the blowup dynamics in both multiplicative and additive noise settings and obtain profiles and rates of the blowup solutions. Our findings conclude that the blowup parameters (rate and profile) are insensitive to the type or strength of the noise: if blow up happens, it has the same dynamics as in the deterministic setting; however, there is a (random) shift of the blowup centre, which can be described as a random variable normally distributed.more » « less

Abstract We consider a higher‐dimensional version of the Benjamin‐Ono (HBO) equation in the 2D setting:
, which is ‐critical, and investigate properties of solutions both analytically and numerically. For a generalized equation (fractional 2D gKdV) after deriving the Pohozaev identities, we obtain nonexistence conditions for solitary wave solutions, then prove uniform bounds in the energy space or conditional global existence, and investigate the radiation region, a specific wedge in the negative ‐direction. We then introduce our numerical approach in a general context, and apply it to obtain the ground state solution in the 2D critical HBO equation, then show that its mass is a threshold for global versus finite time existing solutions, which is typical in the focusing (mass‐)critical dispersive equations. We also observe that globally existing solutions tend to disperse completely into the radiation in this nonlocal equation. The blow‐up solutions travel in the positive ‐direction with the rescaled ground state profile while also radiating dispersive oscillations into the radiative wedge. We conclude with examples of different interactions of two solitary wave solutions, including weak and strong interactions.