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  1. From the start, the airline industry has remarkably connected countries all over the world through rapid long-distance transportation, helping people overcome geographic barriers. Consequently, this has ushered in substantial economic growth, both nationally and internationally. The airline industry produces vast amounts of data, capturing a diverse set of information about their operations, including data related to passengers, freight, flights, and much more. Analyzing air travel data can advance the understanding of airline market dynamics, allowing companies to provide customized, efficient, and safe transportation services. Due to big data challenges in such a complex environment, the benefits of drawing insights from the air travel data in the airline industry have not yet been fully explored. This article aims to survey various components and corresponding proposed data analysis methodologies that have been identified as essential to the inner workings of the airline industry. We introduce existing data sources commonly used in the papers surveyed and summarize their availability. Finally, we discuss several potential research directions to better harness airline data in the future. We anticipate this study to be used as a comprehensive reference for both members of the airline industry and academic scholars with an interest in airline research.
    Free, publicly-accessible full text available November 30, 2023
  2. Free, publicly-accessible full text available February 14, 2023
  3. Free, publicly-accessible full text available January 1, 2023
  4. Abstract

    Current models of COVID-19 transmission predict infection from reported or assumed interactions. Here we leverage high-resolution observations of interaction to simulate infectious processes. Ultra-Wide Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) systems were employed to track the real-time physical movements and directional orientation of children and their teachers in 4 preschool classes over a total of 34 observations. An agent-based transmission model combined observed interaction patterns (individual distance and orientation) with CDC-published risk guidelines to estimate the transmission impact of an infected patient zero attending class on the proportion of overall infections, the average transmission rate, and the time lag to the appearance of symptomatic individuals. These metrics highlighted the prophylactic role of decreased classroom density and teacher vaccinations. Reduction of classroom density to half capacity was associated with an 18.2% drop in overall infection proportion while teacher vaccination receipt was associated with a 25.3% drop. Simulation results of classroom transmission dynamics may inform public policy in the face of COVID-19 and similar infectious threats.

  5. Immersive Learning Environments (ILEs) developed in Virtual and Augmented Reality (VR/AR) are a novel pro- fessional training platform. An ILE can facilitate an Adaptive Learning System (ALS), which has proven beneficial to the learning process. However, there is no existing AI-ready ILE that facilitates collecting multimedia multimodal data from the environment and users for training AI models, nor allows for the learning contents and complex learning process to be dynamically adapted by an ALS. This paper proposes a novel multimedia system in VR/AR to dynamically build ILEs for a wide range of use-cases, based on a description language for the generalizable ILE structure. It will detail users’ paths and conditions for completing learning activities, and a content adaptation algorithm to update the ILE at runtime. Human and AI systems can customize the environment based on user learning metrics. Results show that this framework is efficient and low- overhead, suggesting a path to simplifying and democratizing the ILE development without introducing bloat. Index Terms—virtual reality, augmented reality, content generation, immersive learning, 3D environments
  6. Convolutional Neural Network (CNN) models and many accessible large-scale public visual datasets have brought lots of research work to a remarkable new stage. Benefited from well-trained CNN models, small training datasets can learn comprehensive features by utilizing the preliminary features from transfer learning. However, the performance is not guaranteed when taking these features to construct a new model, as the differences always exist between the source and target domains. In this paper, we propose to build an Evolution Programming-based framework to address various challenges. This framework automates both the feature learning and model building processes. It first identifies the most valuable features from pre-trained models and then constructs a suitable model to understand the characteristic features for different tasks. Each model differs in numerous ways. Overall, the experimental results effectively reach optimal solutions, demonstrating that a time-consuming task could also be conducted by an automated process that exceeds the human ability.
  7. Abstract: Deep Learning (DL) has made significant changes to a large number of research areas in recent decades. For example, several astonishing Convolutional Neural Network (CNN) models have been built by researchers to fulfill image classification needs using large-scale visual datasets successfully. Transfer Learning (TL) makes use of those pre-trained models to ease the feature learning process for other target domains that contain a smaller amount of training data. Currently, there are numerous ways to utilize features generated by transfer learning. Pre-trained CNN models prepare mid-/high-level features to work for different targeting problem domains. In this paper, a DL feature and model selection framework based on evolutionary programming is proposed to solve the challenges in visual data classification. It automates the process of discovering and obtaining the most representative features generated by the pre-trained DL models for different classification tasks.
  8. During disaster events, emergency response teams need to draw up the response plan at the earliest possible stage. Social media platforms contain rich information which could help to assess the current situation. In this paper, a novel multi-task multimodal deep learning framework with automatic loss weighting is proposed. Our framework is able to capture the correlation among different concepts and data modalities. The proposed automatic loss weighting method can prevent the tedious manual weight tuning process and improve the model performance. Extensive experiments on a large-scale multimodal disaster dataset from Twitter are conducted to identify post-disaster humanitarian category and infrastructure damage level. The results show that by learning the shared latent space of multiple tasks with loss weighting, our model can outperform all single tasks.