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  1. We present a method for estimating the amount of matter in large-scale (approximately 50 Mpc) filaments using the surrounding velocity infall pattern, based on 242 filaments in the Millennium simulation. We identify filaments using a minimal spanning tree to link large groups and clusters, and find the axis of each filament using a weighted principle component analysis. We improve our previous determination of a typical infall velocity profile by rescaling the profile for each filament by the distance where the infall speed reaches a maximum. We use the resulting average profile to determine a two-parameter piecewise function that can bemore »used to estimate the maximum infall speed and location for individual filaments. Finally, we present the correlation between the maximum infall speed and the mass of the filament. These results will be used as part of the Arecibo Pisces-Perseus Supercluster Survey (APPSS), a project to map the infall pattern around the Pisces-Perseus Supercluster filament. This work is supported by NSF grant AST-1637339.« less
  2. Here we present resolved HI and deep optical imaging of 11 HI-bearing ultra-diffuse galaxies (HUDs) from the Karl G. Jansky Very Large Array and the WIYN 3.5m at Kitt Peak National Observatory. We find that the HUDs show blue, mostly irregular stellar populations, and ordered gas distributions with evidence of rotation. Comparing the HI and stellar populations, we find that the HI extends significantly beyond the stellar component, and that the HI disk is often misaligned with respect to the stellar one. We explore the HI mass-diameter scaling relation, and find that though the HUDs have diffuse stellar populations, theymore »fall along this relation, with typical global HI surface densities. We also use 3D kinematic modeling to explore the Baryonic Tully Fisher Relation, and find that the HUDs fall off the relation, rotating too slowly for their baryonic mass, and are compatible with having no "missing baryons."« less
  3. The Pisces-Perseus Supercluster is one of the most massive and cosmologically significant structures in the local universe. The Arecibo Pisces-Perseus Supercluster Survey (APPSS) will provide observational constraints as to the mass-infall rate onto the main filament of the Supercluster through a detailed analysis of the mass and motion of galaxies within and around the cluster. The APPSS galaxy sample consists of over 2,000 galaxies detected during the ALFALFA survey (a blind, HI 21-cm emission line survey of the local universe) combined with galaxies identified through our recent targeted observing campaign - designed to probe below the HI mass cutoff ofmore »the ALFALFA survey. These APPSS-candidates were observed using the L-band Wide receiver at the Arecibo Observatory over the last 4 years; to date the APPSS targeted observing has led to an HI 21-cm emission line detection rate of ~70% - corresponding to ~500 galaxies with cz < 9,000 km/s. Combining these new observations with the ALFALFA galaxies gives a total of ~2,500 galaxies in the current APPSS sample. Here, we describe and demonstrate the methods used by the APPSS team to reduce and analyze these targeted observations and explore the properties of the entire APPSS galaxy sample (while comparing the properties of the ALFALFA galaxies with the detections from the APPSS targeted observing campaign). This work has been supported by NSF AST-1637339.« less
  4. Developments in open-source high-level programming languages enable undergraduate students to make vital contributions to modern astronomical surveys. The Arecibo Pisces-Perseus Supercluster Survey (APPSS) currently uses data analysis software written in Interactive Data Language (IDL). We discuss the conversion of this software to the Python programming language, which uses freely available standard libraries, and the conversion of the data to a standard form of the Single-Dish FITS (SDFITS) standard. Data Reduction Integrated Python Protocol (DRIPP) provides user-guided data reduction with an interface similar to the former software written in IDL. Converting to DRIPP would provide researchers with more accessible data processingmore »capabilities for APPSS (or any similar radio spectral survey). This work has been supported by NSF AST-1637339.« less
  5. In preparation for comparison with the Arecibo Pisces-Perseus Supercluster Survey (APPSS), we present the theoretically expected density and velocity profiles for large-scale (~ 50 Mpc) filaments from the Millennium simulation. We use an observationally-friendly method to identify filaments using the positions of large groups of galaxies, and average filaments together to find the typical structure of a filament in terms of cylindrical density profile and velocity infall profile. Both profiles can be fit by simple functions, but show a large scatter across the population of filaments. We are in the process of categorizing filaments to facilitate comparison with observations ofmore »specific filaments, like the Pisces-Perseus Supercluster filament. This work has been supported by NSF grant AST-1637339.« less
  6. The Arecibo Pisces Perseus Supercluster Survey (APPSS) is an HI survey measuring galaxy infall into the filament and clusters. Galaxies were selected for HI observations based on their location within the Pisces Perseus supercluster and SDSS and GALEX colors predictive of cold gas content. Most of the HI observations were conducted at Arecibo using the L Band Wide receiver, with some high-declination coverage provided by Green Bank. The observations provide increased sensitivity compared to ALFALFA blind survey data. For this project, we investigated a subset of 132 APPSS galaxies with declinations near 27 degrees. Using custom data reduction and analysismore »tools developed for the Undergraduate ALFALFA Team, we determined the following information for galaxies in our subset: systemic velocity, line width, integrated flux density, HI mass, and gas fraction (or corresponding limits for non-detections). We calculate our HI detection fraction and mean gas fraction as a function of stellar mass and compare to previous results. We investigate the distribution of systemic velocities for our galaxies with their location on the sky. Finally, we discuss several interesting sources from our subset of APPSS galaxies. This work has been supported by NSF grants AST-1211005, AST-1637299, and AST-1637339« less
  7. We examine the HI content of galaxies as a function of environment, based on a catalogue of 41527 galaxies that are part of the 70% complete Arecibo Legacy Fast-ALFA (ALFALFA) survey. We use nearest-neighbor methods to characterize local environment, and a modified version of the algorithm developed for the Galaxy and Mass Assembly (GAMA) survey to classify large-scale environment as group, filament, tendril, or void. We compare the HI content in these environments using statistics that include both HI detections and the upper limits on detections from ALFALFA. The large size of the sample allows to statistically compare the HImore »content in different environments for early-type galaxies as well as late-type galaxies. This work is supported by NSF grants AST-1211005 and AST-1637339, the Skidmore Faculty-Student Summer Research program, and the Schupf Scholars program.« less
  8. The Undergraduate ALFALFA Team (UAT) Groups project is a coordinated study of gas and star formation properties of galaxies in and around 36 nearby (z<0.03) groups and clusters of varied richness, morphological type mix, and X-ray luminosity. By studying a large range of environments and considering the spatial distributions of star formation, we probe mechanisms of gas depletion and morphological transformation. The project uses ALFALFA HI observations, optical observations, and digital databases like SDSS, and incorporates work undertaken by faculty and students at different institutions within the UAT. Here we present results from our wide area Hα and broadband Rmore »imaging project carried out with the WIYN 0.9m+MOSAIC/HDI at KPNO, including an analysis of radial star formation rates and extents of galaxies in the NGC 5846, Abell 779, NRGb331, and HCG 69 groups/clusters. This work has been supported by NSF grant AST-1211005 and AST-1637339.« less
  9. The Undergraduate ALFALFA Team (UAT) Groups project is a coordinated study of gas and star formation properties of galaxies in and around 36 nearby (z<0.03) groups and clusters of varied richness, morphological type mix, and X-ray luminosity. By studying a large range of environments and considering the spatial distributions of star formation, we probe mechanisms of gas depletion and morphological transformation. The project uses ALFALFA HI observations, optical observations, and digital databases like SDSS, and incorporates work undertaken by faculty and students at different institutions within the UAT. Here we present results from our wide area Hα and broadband Rmore »imaging project carried out with the WIYN 0.9m+MOSAIC/HDI at KPNO, including an analysis of radial star formation rates and extents of galaxies in the NGC 5846, Abell 779, NRGb331, and HCG 69 groups/clusters. This work has been supported by NSF grant AST-1211005 and AST-1637339.« less
  10. The NSF-sponsored Undergraduate ALFALFA (Arecibo Legacy Fast ALFA) Team (UAT) is a consortium of 20 institutions across the US and Puerto Rico, founded to promote undergraduate research and faculty development within the extragalactic ALFALFA HI blind survey project and follow-up programs. The objective of the UAT is to provide opportunities for its members to develop expertise in the technical aspects of observational radio spectroscopy, its associated data analysis, and the motivating science. Partnering with Arecibo Observatory, the UAT has worked with more than 280 undergraduates and 26 faculty to date, offering 8 workshops onsite at Arecibo (148 undergraduates), observing runsmore »at Arecibo (69 undergraduates), remote observing runs on campus, undergraduate research projects based on Arecibo science (120 academic year and 185 summer projects), and presentation of results at national meetings such as the AAS (at AAS229: Ball et al., Collova et al., Davis et al., Miazzo et al., Ruvolo et al, Singer et al., Cannon et al., Craig et al., Koopmann et al., O'Donoghue et al.). 40% of the students and 45% of the faculty participants have been women and members of underrepresented groups. More than 90% of student alumni are attending graduate school and/or pursuing a career in STEM. 42% of those pursuing graduate degrees in Physics or Astronomy are women.In this presentation, we summarize the UAT program and the current research efforts of UAT members based on Arecibo science, including multiwavelength followup observations of ALFALFA sources, the UAT Collaborative Groups Project, the Survey of HI in Extremely Low-mass Dwarfs (SHIELD), and the Arecibo Pisces-Perseus Supercluster Survey (APPSS). This work has been supported by NSF grants AST-0724918/0902211, AST-075267/0903394, AST-0725380, AST-121105, and AST-1637339.« less