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Creators/Authors contains: "Tian, Chao"

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  1. Free, publicly-accessible full text available December 1, 2023
  2. Free, publicly-accessible full text available September 29, 2023
  3. Free, publicly-accessible full text available June 26, 2023
  4. Free, publicly-accessible full text available June 26, 2023
  5. Abstract

    As a supplementary or the only water source in dry regions, dew plays a critical role in the survival of organisms. The new hydrological tracer17O-excess, with almost sole dependence on relative humidity, provides a new way to distinguish the evaporation processes and reconstruct the paleoclimate. Up to now, there is no published daily dew isotope record on δ2H, δ18O, δ17O, d-excess, and17O-excess. Here, we collected daily dew between July 2014 and April 2018 from three distinct climatic regions (i.e., Gobabeb in the central Namib Desert with desert climate, Nice in France with Mediterranean climate, and Indianapolis in the central United States with humid continental climate). The δ2H, δ18O, and δ17O of dew were simultaneously analyzed using a Triple Water Vapor Isotope Analyzer based on Off-Axis Integrated Cavity Output Spectroscopy technique, and then d-excess and17O-excess were calculated. This report presents daily dew isotope dataset under three climatic regions. It is useful for researchers to use it as a reference when studying global dew dynamics and dew formation mechanisms.

  6. null (Ed.)
    In the conventional robust T -colluding private information retrieval (PIR) system, the user needs to retrieve one of the possible messages while keeping the identity of the requested message private from any T colluding servers. Motivated by the possible heterogeneous privacy requirements for different messages, we consider the ( N,T1:K1,T2:K2 ) two-level PIR system, where K1 messages need to be retrieved privately against T1 colluding servers, and all the messages need to be retrieved privately against T2 colluding servers where T2≤T1 . We obtain a lower bound to the capacity by proposing a novel coding scheme, namely the non-uniform successive cancellation scheme. A capacity upper bound is also derived. The gap between the upper bound and the lower bound is analyzed, and shown to vanish when T1=T2 .