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  1. Scientific applications, especially legacy applications, contain a wealth of scientific knowledge. As hardware changes, applications need to be ported to new architectures and extended to include scientific advances. As a result, it is common to encounter problems like performance bottlenecks and dead code. A visual representation of the dataflow can help performance experts identify and debug such problems. The Computation API of the sparse polyhedral framework (SPF) provides a single entry point for tools to generate and manipulate polyhedral dataflow graphs, and transform applications. However, when viewing graphs generated for scientific applications there are several barriers. The graphs are large, and manipulating their layout to respect execution order is difficult. This paper presents a case study that uses the Computation API to represent a scientific application, GeoAc, in the SPF. Generated polyhedral dataflow graphs were explored for optimization opportunities and limitations were addressed using several graph simplifications to improve their usability. 
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  2. null (Ed.)
    In this paper, a new method helps compare and analysis different topology is proposed. Also, a new method that can analyze and derive the minimum device power loss for the resonant switched capacitor topology is developed. By applying total semiconductor power loss index (TSLI), the optimum total die size needed for the specific topology with fixed power level and switching frequency can be calculated. Thus, the minimum device power loss can be reached at same time. Besides, TSLI can also help to determine which topology has a lower semiconductor device power loss when operating under same condition. 
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  3. Wong, Gerard C (Ed.)
    Bacterial biofilms are communities of bacteria that exist as aggregates that can adhere to surfaces or be free-standing. This complex, social mode of cellular organization is fundamental to the physiology of microbes and often exhibits surprising behaviour. Bacterial biofilms are more than the sum of their parts: Single cell behaviour has a complex relation to collective community behaviour, in a manner perhaps cognate to the complex relation between atomic physics and condensed matter physics. Biofilm microbiology is a relatively young field by biology standards, but it has already attracted intense attention from physicists. Sometimes, this attention takes the form of seeing biofilms as inspiration for new physics. In this roadmap, we highlight the work of those who have taken the opposite strategy: We highlight work of physicists and physical scientists who use physics to engage fundamental concepts in bacterial biofilm microbiology, including adhesion, sensing, motility, signalling, memory, energy flow, community formation and cooperativity. These contributions are juxtaposed with microbiologists who have made recent important discoveries on bacterial biofilms using state-of-the-art physical methods. The contributions to this roadmap exemplify how well physics and biology can be combined to achieve a new synthesis, rather than just a division of labour. 
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  4. Abstract Many measurements at the LHC require efficient identification of heavy-flavour jets, i.e. jets originating from bottom (b) or charm (c) quarks. An overview of the algorithms used to identify c jets is described and a novel method to calibrate them is presented. This new method adjusts the entire distributions of the outputs obtained when the algorithms are applied to jets of different flavours. It is based on an iterative approach exploiting three distinct control regions that are enriched with either b jets, c jets, or light-flavour and gluon jets. Results are presented in the form of correction factors evaluated using proton-proton collision data with an integrated luminosity of 41.5 fb -1 at  √s = 13 TeV, collected by the CMS experiment in 2017. The closure of the method is tested by applying the measured correction factors on simulated data sets and checking the agreement between the adjusted simulation and collision data. Furthermore, a validation is performed by testing the method on pseudodata, which emulate various mismodelling conditions. The calibrated results enable the use of the full distributions of heavy-flavour identification algorithm outputs, e.g. as inputs to machine-learning models. Thus, they are expected to increase the sensitivity of future physics analyses. 
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