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  1. The terahertz regime is widely recognized as a fundamental domain with significant potential to address the demands of next-generation wireless communications. In parallel, mode division multiplexing based on orbital angular momentum (OAM) shows promise in enhancing bandwidth utilization, thereby expanding the overall communication channel capacity. In this study, we present both theoretical and experimental demonstrations of an on-chip terahertz OAM demultiplexer. This device effectively couples and steers seven incident terahertz vortex beams into distinct high-quality focusing surface plasmonic beams, and the focusing directions can be arbitrarily designated. The proposed design strategy integrates space-to-chip mode conversion, OAM recognition, and on-chip routing in a compact space with subwavelength thickness, exhibiting versatility and superior performance.

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  2. Metasurface-empowered bound state in the continuum (BIC) provides a unique route for fascinating functional devices with infinitely high quality factors. This method is particularly attractive to the terahertz community because it may essentially solve the deficiencies in terahertz filters, sensors, lasers, and nonlinear sources. However, most BIC metasurfaces are limited to specified incident angles that seriously dim their application prospects. Here, we propose that a dual-period dielectric metagrating can support multiple families of BICs that originate from guided mode resonances in the dielectric grating and exhibit infinite quality factors at arbitrarily tilted incidence. This robustness was analyzed based on the Bloch theory and verified at tilted incident angles. We also demonstrate that inducing geometric asymmetry is an efficient way to manipulate the leakage and coupling of these BICs, which can mimic the electromagnetically induced transparency (EIT) effect in our dual-period metagrating. In this demonstration, a slow-light effect with a measured group delay of 117 ps was achieved. The incidence-insensitive BICs proposed here may greatly extend the application scenarios of the BIC effect. The highQfactor and outstanding slow-light effect in the metagrating show exciting prospects in realizing high-performance filters, sensors, and modulators for prompting terahertz applications.

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  3. Photoconductive antenna (PCA) is a widely used terahertz (THz) radiation source, but its low radiated power limits the signal-to-noise ratio and bandwidth in THz imaging and spectroscopy applications. Here, we achieved significant PCA power enhancement through etching nanograting directly on the surface of the PCA substrate. The integrated nanograting not only maximizes the generation of photocarriers, but also benefits the bias electric field loaded on the photocarriers. Comparing with the conventional PCA, our PCA realizes a frequency independent THz power enhancement of 3.92 times in the range of 0.05-1.6 THz. Our results reported here not only provide a new method for increasing the THz power of PCAs, but also reveal another way that artificial nanostructures affect the PCAs, which paves the way for the subsequent researches of next-generation PCAs.

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  4. Abstract

    Geometric phase metasurfaces, as one of the main branches of meta‐optics, have attracted enormous interest in the last two decades. Recently, through rotating a set of subwavelength dipole sources, geometric phase concept has been extended to near‐field regime for the control of surface plasmons (SPs). Despite this progress, puzzles and shortcomings still exist: it is curious that geometric phases equal to once and twice the rotation angle of dipole source are both reported for SP controls, and the control strategies examined thus far only work for a single wavelength. Hereby, a rigorous derivation of the SP excitation of dipole sources upon circularly polarized illumination is performed, and the rotation dependence and in‐plane coordinate correlation of geometric phase control of SPs is clarified. Moreover, a holographic approach is proposed to implement multiplexed geometric phase control, experimentally demonstrating several metalenses that can couple and steer the incident circular polarizations of four wavelengths and two spin directions to different SP focusing beams. This work will pave an avenue toward the development of integrated and multiplexed SP devices.

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  5. Abstract

    Since the late 19thcentury, enormous endeavors have been made in extending the scope and capability of optical interferometers. Recently, plasmonic vortices that strongly confine the orbital angular momentum to surface have attracted considerable attention. However, current research interests in this area have focused on the mechanisms and dynamics of polarization‐dependent single plasmonic vortex generation and evolution, while the interference between different plasmonic vortices for practical applications has been unexplored. Here, a method for flexible on‐chip spin‐to‐orbital angular momentum conversion is introduced, resulting in exotic interferograms. Based on this method, a new form of interferometers that is realized by the interference between customized plasmonic vortices is demonstrated. Within wavelength‐scale dimension, the proposed plasmonic vortex interferometers exhibit superior performance to directly measure the polarization state, spin and orbital angular momentum of incident beams. The proposed interferometry is straightforward and robust, and can be expected to be applied to different scenarios, fueling fundamental advances and applications alike.

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