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  1. We report the effect of remote surface optical (RSO) phonon scattering on carrier mobility in monolayer graphene gated by ferroelectric oxide. We fabricate monolayer graphene transistors back-gated by epitaxial (001) Ba0.6Sr0.4TiO3films, with field effect mobility up to 23 000 cm2 V−1 s−1achieved. Switching ferroelectric polarization induces nonvolatile modulation of resistance and quantum Hall effect in graphene at low temperatures. Ellipsometry spectroscopy studies reveal four pairs of optical phonon modes in Ba0.6Sr0.4TiO3, from which we extract RSO phonon frequencies. The temperature dependence of resistivity in graphene can be well accounted for by considering the scattering from the intrinsic longitudinal acoustic phonon and the RSO phonon, with the latter dominated by the mode at 35.8 meV. Our study reveals the room temperature mobility limit of ferroelectric-gated graphene transistors imposed by RSO phonon scattering.

    Free, publicly-accessible full text available October 17, 2023
  2. The ferrimagnetic inverse spinel NiCo 2 O 4 has attracted extensive research interest for its versatile electrochemical properties, robust magnetic order, high conductivity, and fast spin dynamics, as well as its highly tunable nature due to the closely coupled charge, spin, orbital, lattice, and defect effects. Single-crystalline epitaxial thin films of NiCo 2 O 4 present a model system for elucidating the intrinsic physical properties and strong tunability, which are not viable in bulk single crystals. In this Perspective, we discuss the recent advances in epitaxial NiCo 2 O 4 thin films, focusing on understanding its unusual magnetic and transport properties in light of crystal structure and electronic structure. The perpendicular magnetic anisotropy in compressively strained NiCo 2 O 4 films is explained by considering the strong spin–lattice coupling, particularly on Co ions. The prominent effect of growth conditions reveals the complex interplay between the crystal structure, cation stoichiometry, valence state, and site occupancy. NiCo 2 O 4 thin films also exhibit various magnetotransport anomalies, including linear magnetoresistance and sign change in anomalous Hall effect, which illustrate the competing effects of band-intrinsic Berry phase and impurity scattering. The fundamental understanding of these phenomena will facilitate the functional design of NiComore »2 O 4 thin films for nanoscale spintronic applications.« less
    Free, publicly-accessible full text available July 14, 2023
  3. The inverse spinel ferrimagnetic NiCo 2 O 4 possesses high magnetic Curie temperature T C , high spin polarization, and strain-tunable magnetic anisotropy. Understanding the thickness scaling limit of these intriguing magnetic properties in NiCo 2 O 4 thin films is critical for their implementation in nanoscale spintronic applications. In this work, we report the unconventional magnetotransport properties of epitaxial (001) NiCo 2 O 4 films on MgAl 2 O 4 substrates in the ultrathin limit. Anomalous Hall effect measurements reveal strong perpendicular magnetic anisotropy for films down to 1.5 unit cell (1.2 nm), while T C for 3 unit cell and thicker films remains above 300 K. The sign change in the anomalous Hall conductivity [Formula: see text] and its scaling relation with the longitudinal conductivity ([Formula: see text]) can be attributed to the competing effects between impurity scattering and band intrinsic Berry curvature, with the latter vanishing upon the thickness driven metal–insulator transition. Our study reveals the critical role of film thickness in tuning the relative strength of charge correlation, Berry phase effect, spin–orbit interaction, and impurity scattering, providing important material information for designing scalable epitaxial magnetic tunnel junctions and sensing devices using NiCo 2 O 4 .
    Free, publicly-accessible full text available June 13, 2023
  4. There is a strong drive behind the quest for thin-film materials that are oxygen-free and polar. Oxygen hinders the integration of ferroelectric oxides with semiconductors, which affects efforts to develop nonvolatile memory—that is, a memory that can sustain its information without power. Ideally, one would use single-crystalline perovskite films to construct these devices so that the polarization can be maximized. However, when depositing crystalline polar perovskite oxides onto silicon or germanium, a nonpolar oxide buffer layer ( 1 ) or a native oxide layer ( 2 ) can be present at the interface, compromising device performance. A nitrogen-based perovskite may overcome this limitation ( 3 ). On page 1488 of this issue, Talley et al. ( 4 ) report the synthesis of lanthanum tungsten nitride (LaWN 3 ) thin films, which marks the first demonstration of polar nitride perovskite. This may lead to oxygen-free integration of functional perovskite on a semiconductor platform.
  5. In this review, an attempt has been made to compare the electronic structures of various 5d iridates (iridium oxides), with an effort to note the common features and differences. Both experimental studies, especially angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (ARPES) results, and first-principles band structure calculations have been discussed. This brings to focus the fact that the electronic structures and magnetic properties of the high- Z 5d transition iridates depend on the intricate interplay of strong electron correlation, strong (relativistic) spin–orbit coupling, lattice distortion, and the dimensionality of the system. For example, in the thin film limit, SrIrO 3 exhibits a metal–insulator transition that corresponds to the dimensionality crossover, with the band structure resembling that of bulk Sr 2 IrO 4 .