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  1. Large multipartite quantum systems tend to rapidly reach extraordinary levels of complexity as their number of constituents and entanglement links grow. Here we use complex network theory to study a class of continuous variables quantum states that present both multipartite entanglement and non-Gaussian statistics. In particular, the states are built from an initial imprinted cluster state created via Gaussian entangling operations according to a complex network structure. To go beyond states that can be easily simulated via classical computers we engender non-Gaussian statistics via multiple photon subtraction operations. We then use typical networks measures, the degree and clustering, to characterizemore »the emergent complex network of photon-number correlations after photon subtractions. We show that, in contrast to regular clusters, in the case of imprinted complex network structures the emergent correlations are strongly affected by photon subtraction. On the one hand, we unveil that photon subtraction universally increases the average photon-number correlations, regardless of the imprinted network structure. On the other hand, we show that the shape of the distributions in the emergent networks after subtraction is greatly influenced by the structure of the imprinted network, as witnessed by their higher-moments. Thus for the field of network theory, we introduce a new class of networks to study. At the same time for the field of continuous variable quantum states, this work presents a new set of practical tools to benchmark systems of increasing complexity.« less
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  3. High-fidelity single- and two-qubit gates are essential building blocks for a fault-tolerant quantum computer. While there has been much progress in suppressing single-qubit gate errors in superconducting qubit systems, two-qubit gates still suffer from error rates that are orders of magnitude higher. One limiting factor is the residual ZZ-interaction, which originates from a coupling between computational states and higher-energy states. While this interaction is usually viewed as a nuisance, here we experimentally demonstrate that it can be exploited to produce a universal set of fast single- and two-qubit entangling gates in a coupled transmon qubit system. To implement arbitrary single-qubitmore »rotations, we design a new protocol called the two-axis gate that is based on a three-part composite pulse. It rotates a single qubit independently of the state of the other qubit despite the strong ZZ-coupling. We achieve single-qubit gate fidelities as high as 99.1% from randomized benchmarking measurements. We then demonstrate both a CZ gate and a CNOT gate. Because the system has a strong ZZ-interaction, a CZ gate can be achieved by letting the system freely evolve for a gate time tg=53.8 ns. To design the CNOT gate, we utilize an analytical microwave pulse shape based on the SWIPHT protocol for realizing fast, low-leakage gates. We obtain fidelities of 94.6% and 97.8% for the CNOT and CZ gates respectively from quantum progress tomography.« less
  4. The BBM is a promising candidate to study spin-one systems and to design quantum simulators based on its underlying Hamiltonian. The variety of different phases contains amongst other valuable and exotic phases the Haldane phase. We study the Kibble-Zurek physics of linear quenches into the Haldane phase. We outline ideal quench protocols to minimize defects in the final state while exploiting different linear quench protocols via the uniaxial or interaction term. Furthermore, we look at the fate of the string order when quenching from a topologically non-trivial phase to a trivial phase. Our studies show this depends significantly on themore »path chosen for quenching; for example, we discover quenches from \Neel{} to Haldane phase which reach a string order greater than their ground state counterparts for the initial or final state at intermediate quench times.« less
  5. Cellular automata are interacting classical bits that display diverse behaviors, from fractals to random-number generators to Turing-complete computation. We introduce entangled quantum cellular automata subject to Goldilocks rules, tradeoffs of the kind underpinning biological, social, and economic complexity. Tweaking digital and analog quantum-computing protocols generates persistent entropy fluctuations; robust dynamical features, including an entangled breather; and network structure and dynamics consistent with complexity. Present-day quantum platforms---Rydberg arrays, trapped ions, and superconducting qubits---can implement Goldilocks protocols, which generate quantum many-body states with rich entanglement and structure. Moreover, the complexity studies reported here underscore an emerging idea in many-body quantum physics: somemore »systems fall outside the integrable/chaotic dichotomy.« less