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  1. Abstract

    Mobile Cable-Driven Parallel Manipulators (m-CDPM) are a sub-class of CDPM with greater-capabilities (antagonistic cable-tensioning and reconfigurability) by virtue of mobility of the base-winches. In past work, we had also explored creation of adjustable spring-stiffness modules, in-line with cables, which decouple cable-stiffness and cable-tensions. All these internal-freedoms allow an m-CDPM to track desired trajectories while equilibrating end-effector wrenches and improving lateral disturbance-rejection. However, parameter and configuration selection is key to unlocking these benefits.

    To this end, we consider an approach to partition task-execution into a primary (fast) winch-tension control and secondary (slow) reconfiguration and joint-stiffness modulation. This would enable a primary trajectory-tracking task together with secondary task-space stiffness tailoring, using system-reconfiguration and joint-stiffness modulation. In this paper, we limit our scope to feasibility-evaluation to achieve the stiffness modulation as a secondary goal within an offline design-optimization setting (but with an eye towards real-time implementation).

    These aspects are illustrated in the context of a 3-PRP m-CDPM for tracking a desired trajectory within its wrench-feasible workspace. The secondary-task is the directional-alignment and shaping of the stiffness ellipsoid to shape the disturbance-rejection characteristics along the trajectory. The optimization is solved through constrained minimization of a multi-objective weighted cost function subject to non-linear workspacemore »feasibility, and inequality stiffness and tension constraints.

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  2. Abstract Mobile manipulators that combine base mobility with the dexterity of an articulated manipulator have gained popularity in numerous applications ranging from manufacturing and infrastructure inspection to domestic service. Deployments span a range of interaction tasks with the operational environment comprising minimal interaction tasks such as inspection and complex interaction tasks such as logistics resupply and assembly. This flexibility, offered by the redundancy, needs to be carefully orchestrated to realize enhanced performance. Thus, advanced decision-support methodologies and frameworks are crucial for successful mobile manipulation in (semi-) autonomous and teleoperation contexts. Given the enormous scope of the literature, we restrict our attention to decision-support frameworks specifically in the context of wheeled mobile manipulation. Hence, here, we present a classification of wheeled mobile manipulation literature while accounting for its diversity. The intertwining of the deployment tasks, application arenas, and decision-making methodologies are discussed with an eye for future avenues for research.
    Free, publicly-accessible full text available April 1, 2024
  3. We present a novel application of continuum robots acting as concrete hoses to support 3D printing of cementitious materials. An industrial concrete hose was fitted with a cable harness and remotely actuated via tendons. The resulting continuum hose robot exhibited non constant curvature. In order to account for this, a new geometric approach to modeling variable curvature inverse kinematics using Euler curves is introduced herein. The new closed form model does not impose any additional computational cost compared to the constant curvature model and results in a marked improvement in the observed performance. Experiments involving 3D printing with cementitious mortar using a continuum hose robot were also conducted.
    Free, publicly-accessible full text available May 24, 2023
  4. Gouttefarde M., Bruckmann T. (Ed.)
    A fully-constrained 𝑛−𝐷𝑂𝐹 cable-driven parallel robot (CDPR) has wrench closure if there are 𝑛+1 cables exerting positive tensions spanning the wrench space. However, the quality of wrench closure is often dependent on the geometric configuration of the supporting in-parallel chains of the CDPR. The reconfigurability endowed by adding in-chain kinematic and/or actuation redundancy to a conventional cable robot could greatly improve quality of the workspace. However, the status of various joints (active, passive or locked) affect the complexity of the systematic formulation and ultimate wrench-based analysis. Past efforts have tended to equilibrate the forces in these systems in such a way as to avoid kinematic redundancies. To this end, we formulate the kinematics of the redundant reconfigurable CDPR using matrix Lie group formulation (to allow ease of formulation and subsequent generalizability). Reciprocity (and selective reciprocity) permits the development of wrench analyses including the partitioning of actuation vs structural equilibration components. The total wrench set is greatly expanded both by the addition of kinematic redundancy and selective actuation/locking of the joints. The approach adopted facilitates the holistic determination of the true wrench polytope which accounts for the wrench contributions from all actuation sources. All these aspects are examined with variants ofmore »a 4-PRPR planar cable driven parallel manipulator (with varied active/passive/locked joints).« less
  5. Modeling of mechanics of continuum hoses for 3D printing cement operations.