- Award ID(s):
- Publication Date:
- NSF-PAR ID:
- Journal Name:
- Molecular Systems Design & Engineering
- Page Range or eLocation-ID:
- 390 to 396
- Sponsoring Org:
- National Science Foundation
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Selective hydrogen bonding controls temperature response of layer-by-layer upper critical solution temperature micellar assembliesThis work establishes a correlation between the selectivity of hydrogen-bonding interactions and the functionality of micelle-containing layer-by-layer (LbL) assemblies. Specifically, we explore LbL films formed by assembly of poly(methacrylic acid) (PMAA) and upper critical solution temperature block copolymer micelles (UCSTMs) composed of poly(acrylamide- co -acrylonitrile) P(AAm- co -AN) cores and polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) coronae. UCSTMs had a hydrated diameter of ∼380 nm with a transition temperature between 45 and 50 °C, regardless of solution pH. Importantly, micelles were able to hydrogen-bond with PMAA, with the critical interaction pH being temperature dependent. To better understand the thermodynamic nature of these interactions, in depth studies using isothermal titration calorimetry (ITC) were conducted. ITC reveals opposite signs of enthalpies for binding of PMAA with micellar coronae vs. with the cores. Moreover, ITC indicates that pH directs the interactions of PMAA with micelles, selectively enabling binding with the micellar corona at pH 4 or with both the corona and the core at pH 3. We then explore UCSTM/PMAA LbL assemblies and show that the two distinct modes of PMAA interaction with the micelles ( i.e. whether or not PMAA binds with the core) had significant effects on the film composition, structure, and functionality. Consistent withmore »
Self-assembly of faceted nanoparticles is a promising route for fabricating nanomaterials; however, achieving low-dimensional assemblies of particles with tunable orientations is challenging. Here, we demonstrate that trapping surface-functionalized faceted nanoparticles at fluid–fluid interfaces is a viable approach for controlling particle orientation and facilitating their assembly into unique one- and two-dimensional superstructures. Using molecular dynamics simulations of polymer-grafted nanocubes in a polymer bilayer along with a particle-orientation classification method we developed, we show that the nanocubes can be induced into face-up, edge-up, or vertex-up orientations by tuning the graft density and differences in their miscibility with the two polymer layers. The orientational preference of the nanocubes is found to be governed by an interplay between the interfacial area occluded by the particle, the difference in interactions of the grafts with the two layers, and the stretching and intercalation of grafts at the interface. The resulting orientationally constrained nanocubes are then shown to assemble into a variety of unusual architectures, such as rectilinear strings, close-packed sheets, bilayer ribbons, and perforated sheets, which are difficult to obtain using other assembly methods. Our work thus demonstrates a versatile strategy for assembling freestanding arrays of faceted nanoparticles with possible applications in plasmonics, optics, catalysis, andmore »
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