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Title: A Wearable Multi-modal Bio-sensing System Towards Real-world Applications
Multi-modal bio-sensing has recently been used as effective research tools in affective computing, autism, clinical disorders, and virtual reality among other areas. However, none of the existing bio-sensing systems support multi-modality in a wearable manner outside well-controlled laboratory environments with research-grade measurements. This work attempts to bridge this gap by developing a wearable multi-modal biosensing system capable of collecting, synchronizing, recording and transmitting data from multiple bio-sensors: PPG, EEG, eye-gaze headset, body motion capture, GSR, etc. while also providing task modulation features including visual-stimulus tagging. This study describes the development and integration of the various components of our system. We evaluate the developed sensors by comparing their measurements to those obtained by a standard research-grade bio-sensors. We first evaluate different sensor modalities of our headset, namely earlobe-based PPG module with motion-noise canceling for ECG during heart-beat calculation. We also compare the steady-state visually evoked potentials (SSVEP) measured by our shielded dry EEG sensors with the potentials obtained by commercially available dry EEG sensors. We also investigate the effect of head movements on the accuracy and precision of our wearable eyegaze system. Furthermore, we carry out two practical tasks to demonstrate the applications of using multiple sensor modalities for exploring previously more » unanswerable questions in bio-sensing. Specifically, utilizing bio-sensing we show which strategy works best for playing Where is Waldo? visual-search game, changes in EEG corresponding to true versus false target fixations in this game, and predicting the loss/draw/win states through biosensing modalities while learning their limitations in a Rock-Paper-Scissors game. « less
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Award ID(s):
Publication Date:
Journal Name:
IEEE transactions on biomedical engineering
Page Range or eLocation-ID:
1137 - 1147
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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