In this work, we consider the sample complexity required for testing the monotonicity of distributions over partial orders. A distribution p over a poset is {\em monotone} if, for any pair of domain elements x and y such that x⪯y, p(x)≤p(y). To understand the sample complexity of this problem, we introduce a new property called \emph{bigness} over a finite domain, where the distribution is Tbig if the minimum probability for any domain element is at least T. We establish a lower bound of Ω(n/logn) for testing bigness of distributions on domains of size n. We then build on these lower bounds to give Ω(n/logn) lower bounds for testing monotonicity over a matching poset of size n and significantly improved lower bounds over the hypercube poset. We give sublinear sample complexity bounds for testing bigness and for testing monotonicity over the matching poset. We then give a number of tools for analyzing upper bounds on the sample complexity of the monotonicity testing problem.
Towards Testing Monotonicity of Distributions Over General Posets
In this work, we consider the sample complexity required for testing the monotonicity of distributions over partial orders. A distribution p over a poset is monotone if, for any pair of domain elements x and y such that x ⪯ y, p(x) ≤ p(y).
To understand the sample complexity of this problem, we introduce a new property
called bigness over a finite domain, where the distribution is Tbig if the minimum probability for any domain element is at least T. We establish a lower bound of Ω(n/ log n) for testing bigness of distributions on domains of size n. We then build on these lower bounds to give Ω(n/ log n) lower bounds for testing monotonicity over a matching poset of size n and significantly improved lower bounds over the hypercube poset. We give sublinear sample complexity bounds for testing bigness and for testing monotonicity over the matching poset. We then give a number of tools for analyzing upper bounds on the sample complexity of the monotonicity testing problem. The previous lower bound for testing Monotonicity of
 Publication Date:
 NSFPAR ID:
 10112888
 Journal Name:
 Proceedings of the ThirtySecond Conference on Learning Theory (COLT 2019)
 Sponsoring Org:
 National Science Foundation
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