The generation of long-lived entanglement on an optical clock transition is a key requirement to unlocking the promise of quantum metrology. Arrays of neutral atoms constitute a capable quantum platform for accessing such physics, where Rydberg-based interactions may generate entanglement between individually controlled and resolved atoms. To this end, we leverage the programmable state preparation afforded by optical tweezers along with the efficient strong confinement of a 3d optical lattice to prepare an ensemble of strontium atom pairs in their motional ground state. We engineer global single-qubit gates on the optical clock transition and two-qubit entangling gates via adiabatic Rydberg dressing, enabling the generation of Bell states, |ψ⟩=12√(|gg⟩+i|ee⟩), with a fidelity of F=92.8(2.0)%. For use in quantum metrology, it is furthermore critical that the resulting entanglement be long lived; we find that the coherence of the Bell state has a lifetime of τbc=4.2(6) s via parity correlations and simultaneous comparisons between entangled and unentangled ensembles. Such Bell states can be useful for enhancing metrological stability and bandwidth. Further rearrangement of hundreds of atoms into arbitrary configurations using optical tweezers will enable implementation of many-qubit gates and cluster state generation, as well as explorations of the transverse field Ising model andmore »
Rydberg mediated entanglement in a two-dimensional neutral atom qubit array
We demonstrate high fidelity two-qubit Rydberg blockade and entanglement in a two-dimensional qubit array. The qubit array is defined by a grid of blue detuned lines of light with 121 sites for trapping atomic qubits. Improved experimental methods have increased the observed Bell state fidelity to FBell = 0.86(2). Accounting for errors in state preparation and measurement (SPAM) we infer a fidelity of F−SPAM Bell = 0.89. Including errors in single qubit operations we infer that the Rydberg mediated CZ gate has a fidelity of F−SPAM CZ= 0.91. Comparison with a detailed error model shows that further improvement in fidelity will require colder atoms and lasers with reduced noise.
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